Top 4 FAQs On Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes

Posted On Jan 24, 2023

5 Min Read

Dr. Vinay Bhat

Consultant - Internal Medicine

Manipal Hospitals - Ghaziabad

Best Diabetes Hospital in Ghaziabad

1. What is Diabetes and What are Its Types?

Diabetes is a condition in which blood sugar (glucose) levels are elevated. Our bodies convert plant foods, which are mostly composed of sugars and starches (carbohydrates), into glucose, or sugar, for use as fuel. A hormone called insulin is produced by the pancreas, an organ located close to the stomach, to assist glucose absorption into our body cells. 

When you have diabetes, your body either produces insufficient insulin or uses it less effectively than it should. Your blood sugar will shoot up as a result of this. Heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-extremity amputations are just a few of the significant health issues that diabetes can bring on.

Type 1 & type 2 diabetes are the two major subtypes. Diabetes type 1 is a chronic autoimmune disease that is usually discovered in childhood or adolescence.

When your internal system stops responding to insulin, a hormone created by your pancreas that assists your cells in absorbing sugar from your blood, type 2 diabetes, which commonly manifests in adulthood, occurs. Visit the best diabetes Hospital in Ghaziabad for diagnosis and treatment to ensure your diabetes is managed well.

2. How can You Know Whether You Have Diabetes?

Taking a diabetes test is the only way to determine if you have diabetes. It is important to visit a doctor who will recommend one of the tests for diabetes diagnosis if you have any signs of diabetes, such as extreme thirst, frequent urination, a sudden reduction in weight, or blurred eyesight.

Testing for diabetes can be performed using a variety of techniques. HbA1c, random, post-prandial, and fasting blood sugar tests are the most frequently used tests to diagnose diabetes. Urine routine microscopy is one of the additional tests done for diabetes diagnosis.

3. What are The Common Symptoms Of Diabetes?

Chronically high blood sugar levels harm your cells and organs more, thus if diabetes is left untreated, the symptoms usually get worse over time. If they are minor at first, you might not notice these warning signs. Type 2 diabetes symptoms typically appear more gradually than type 1 diabetic symptoms. There may be no signs at all in the early stages of diabetes.

If you see any possible diabetes warning signs, it's crucial that you see your doctor. Diabetes has the potential to seriously harm your body's tissues and organs if ignored. Anyone who suspects they may have diabetes should get tested by a doctor. They may exhibit some or none of the common symptoms below:

  • Often urinating

  • Unexpected weight loss and excessive thirst

  • Severe hunger

  • Sudden alterations in vision

  • Tingling or numbness in the feet or hands

  • Frequently experiencing extreme fatigue

  • Super-dry skin

  • Taking a long time to heal sores

  • Increased infection rates

4. What Complications can Occur Due to Diabetes?

Diabetes-related long-term consequences emerge gradually. The risk of complications increases with prolonged diabetes and the degree to which your blood sugar is under control. Diabetes issues could eventually turn out to be incapacitating or even fatal. In reality, type 2 diabetes can result from prediabetes. Potential issues include:

  • Cardiovascular Disease (heart and blood vessel disease)

Diabetes significantly increases the risk of several heart conditions. These include heart attacks,arterial narrowing, strokes & coronary artery disease with chest pain (angina) (atherosclerosis). Diabetes elevates your risk of developing heart disease or stroke.

  • Nerve Damage

The walls of the tiny blood arteries (capillaries) that nourish the nerves might become damaged by an excessive sugar consumption, particularly in the legs. The tingling,burning, numbness, or pain that may result from this usually starts at the tips of the toes or fingers and progressively moves higher. Problems with nausea,diarrhoea,vomiting or constipation can result from damage to the nerves that control and manage digestion. It might cause ED (erectile dysfunction) in men.

  • Kidney Damage

The glomeruli, which are millions of microscopic blood artery clusters in the kidneys, have the responsibility of filtering the blood's waste. This sensitive filtering system can be harmed by diabetes.

  • Eye Injury (retinopathy)

Blood vessels in the eyes might become damaged because of diabetes (diabetic retinopathy). Blindness could result from this.

  • Foot Injury

Several foot issues are made more likely as a result of nerve injury in the feet or inadequate blood circulation towards the feet.

  • Oral and skin ailments

You may be more vulnerable to bacterial and fungal infections as a result of diabetes.

  • Impairment of hearing

Diabetes patients are more susceptible to experiencing hearing issues.

  • Alzheimer's condition

Alzheimer's disease & other forms of dementia may be more likely in individuals with type 2 diabetes.

  • Depression

Diabetes patients of both type 1 & type 2 typically experience depressive symptoms.

Consult a top diabetes specialist in Ghaziabad for treating diabetes effectively by booking an appointment. 

Top 4 Diabetes FAQ's Answered by Diabetes Specialists