Newborn Intensive Care Units (NICU) in Ghaziabad
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit | Neonatal Care Unit

Neonatology & NICU

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

Babies need special attention when born, and several factors affect a baby's health and growth, ranging from testing to diseases and birthing problems. Although many things can cause harm to a newborn, one of the most significant risks is being born prematurely. Premature birth is being born before 37 weeks of pregnancy have passed, affecting 13% of births annually in India alone. Premature birth is a leading cause of mortality among children under five. Another concern is infections such as Meningitis, Pneumonia and Sepsis. These infections can cause severe damage if not treated properly, so parents must seek the proper medical care for their child's birth. Manipal Hospitals is the best NICU hospital in Ghaziabad, with the best facilities for the care of newborns.

Neonatal Care Hospital in Ghaziabad


Know About Us

Why Manipal?

Manipal Hospitals has the most advanced neonatal intensive care unit in Ghaziabad. Our facilities care for premature neonatal babies or those born with medical conditions needing support.  

We have experienced Neonatologists, a team of Respiratory Therapists, Neonatal Nursing Experts and Resident Doctors who ensure newborns' well-being with utmost care.  Our facilities include Oxygen Hoods and Neonatal Ventilators.

Treatment & Procedures

Neonatal blood transfusion

It is very common for neonates to require blood transfusions while in the NICU. Since neonates are already in a weakened state, blood transfusions are often needed to help the neonate maintain enough blood for circulation. The blood transfusion is done through an intravenous line.

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Neonatal Care Hospital in Ghaziabad

What is Neonatology?

Neonatology is the branch of Paediatrics that deals with the medical care of newborn infants. Neonatal care involves preventing, diagnosing, and treating conditions that affect premature babies. The most common complications include Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Infection, Necrotizing Enterocolitis, Jaundice, Hypoglycemia and Hyperbilirubinemia.

Neonatal care providers diagnose, treat, and manage infants from birth to 28 days old. They work with various healthcare professionals to ensure that each infant receives the best care.

Neonatologists may also be called Paediatricians or Pediatric Specialists, depending on their practice area.

What is NICU?

The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) at Manipal Hospitals, Ghaziabad, provides specialised medical care for newborns born prematurely or with low birth weight, congenital disabilities, or other severe medical conditions requiring advanced medical technology with skilled medical care.

A neonatal care unit is sometimes called a Special Care Nursery.

NICU provides Nutrition and Hydration management, Diagnostic Imaging and Laboratory Services, Blood Tests, and Cardiac Monitoring. It also offers Physical Therapy, Neurologic Services, and Respiratory Support may include Mechanical Ventilation.


  • Respiratory Distress

Infants with Respiratory Distress experience difficulty breathing. This condition has many causes, from Asthma to Infections, and can be particularly dangerous in infants as their lungs are not yet fully developed.

The well-equipped NICU at Manipal Hospitals, Ghaziabad, offers around-the-clock care for infants with respiratory conditions, including breathing support. 

  • Sepsis 

Sepsis is life-threatening when the body's response to an infection injures its tissues and organs. It can affect people of any age, with infants at a higher risk.

The most common cause of Sepsis in newborns is Blood Infection at birth. The other causes include Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs), Pneumonia, Meningitis, or other infections around birth. 

  • Anaemia

Anaemia in infants is a condition in which the number of Red Blood Cells in the body is less than expected. It is a condition that occurs due to low Haemoglobin levels in infants during the first year of their life, which can happen for several reasons. Some of these include Iron Deficiency and Blood Loss.

  • Jaundice 

Jaundice is a yellowing of the skin caused by liver damage. 

Physiologic Jaundice occurs in newborns and typically clears up within the first few days after birth. 

Pathologic Jaundice, however, is a sign of an underlying disease such as Hepatitis or Biliary Atresia.

The team at NICU determines whether or not they have Pathologic Jaundice, as this could indicate an underlying disease.

  • Apnea

Apnea is a common problem in infants, especially those with low birth weights or who have been born prematurely. It is the absence of breathing during sleep, which can be dangerous because it can lead to Cyanosis (blueness), Hypoxia (lack of oxygen), and Bradycardia (slowing of the heart rate). 

Common causes of Apnea include Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Upper Airway Obstruction, which need urgent attention at NICU.

  • Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD)

Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia is a respiratory condition that can occur in premature babies, characterised by inflammation of the lung tissue and an increase in mucus production, which leads to difficulty breathing.

Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia is expected during the first few weeks of life when the lungs are still developing. In some cases, symptoms may not be present until later on in infancy or childhood.

  • Bradycardia

Bradycardia, a heart rate of fewer than 60 beats per minute, is a slow heart rate.

In infants, Bradycardia can result from Hypothermia (low body temperature), Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), and Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS). Genetic disorders like long QT Syndrome and Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia can also cause it.

Admission into the NICU is a must for infants with Bradycardia.

  • Hydrocephalus

Hydrocephalus is when the brain and spinal cord become filled with fluid. The condition is common in premature babies, the symptom of Hydrocephalus is an enlarged head, but other symptoms include Vomiting, Lethargy, and Seizures. A CT scan or MRI scan diagnoses Hydrocephalus.

A baby diagnosed with Hydrocephalus needs NICU admission for treatment.

  • Intraventricular Haemorrhage

Intraventricular Haemorrhage (IVH) is when blood accumulates within the brain's Ventricles. Intraventricular Haemorrhage can result from a birth injury, Trauma during delivery, or Asphyxia (oxygen deprivation) at birth.

NICU admission is a must for managing Intraventricular Haemorrhage.

  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus

Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) is where there is an opening between the Pulmonary Artery and Aorta, allowing blood flow from the Pulmonary Artery to the Aorta.

NICU admission complications include Respiratory Distress, poor weight gain and failure to thrive.

  • Necrotizing Enterocolitis 

Necrotizing Enterocolitis (NEC) is a severe, sometimes life-threatening condition that affects infants. It can develop rapidly in the first few days of life before babies are even born. NEC causes inflammation and damage to the inner layers of the intestine, leading to abdominal pain and severe complications if not treated quickly. The symptoms of this condition include Abdominal Pain, Diarrhoea, Lack of Appetite and Fever.

  • Periventricular Leukomalacia

Periventricular Leukomalacia is a brain injury that happens when blood and oxygen do not reach the periventricular area of the brain. It is a common type of brain injury in infants and can occur before or after birth.

The damage results in scarring and the death of Neurons (nerve cells), and its symptoms include Seizures, Paralysis, Blindness, and developmental delays.

  • Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn

Transient Tachypnea is a respiratory condition that causes rapid infant breathing. The condition results from a lack of Surfactant, preventing the lungs from collapsing. Babies born without Surfactant can develop Transient Tachypnea and other respiratory problems. Newborns with transient Tachypnea need admission to the NICU for observation and treatment.

  • Retinopathy of Prematurity

Retinopathy of Prematurity causes blood vessels in the retina to grow abnormally, which can lead to blindness. It occurs when a premature infant's retina develops too quickly due to a lack of oxygen.

Premature babies need admission to NICU to receive specialised care and treatment.

  • Feeding Concerns 

Feeding concerns describe an infant's inability to consume adequate nutrition, including:

  • Infant failure to latch on and suckle at the breast.

  • Inability to coordinate sucking and swallowing effectively.

  • Inability to move food back up the oesophagus into the mouth after swallowing.

  • Poor weight gain, despite good calorie intake and frequent feedings.

  • Vomiting after eating

  • Extreme Premature Birth 

Extreme Premature Birth is the birth of a baby before 28 weeks, also called Intrauterine Growth Restriction.

Babies born this early are typically tiny, have underdeveloped Lungs and other organs and may have difficulty breathing. These babies are given special care in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) to help them survive and grow.


  • Neonatal Blood Transfusion

Neonatal Blood Transfusion is the transfusion of blood into the Circulatory System of a newborn infant through an Intravenous Line. This procedure happens when an infant's blood count is low or when there are complications with their blood type. 

The goal of the procedure is to give the infant's body time to make more Red Blood Cells, which will then build up their strength and prevent them from having severe health problems.

  • Neonatal Ventilation 

Neonatal Ventilation treats infants born with Respiratory Failure. The infant has difficulty breathing, and their lungs are underdeveloped, resulting in several complications, including Hypoxia (lack of oxygen) and Hypercarbia (excessive carbon dioxide).

Neonatal Ventilation happens by placing the infant on a ventilator that delivers oxygen directly into the lungs. The Ventilator also provides additional pressure to help keep the lungs open. The process is typically done for several hours or days until the baby's lungs have developed enough to breathe independently.

Neonatal Care Hospital in Ghaziabad

Facilities & Services

Facilities Available at Manipal Hospitals, Ghaziabad

Manipal Hospitals has a state-of-the-art NICU in Ghaziabad. Our facilities include:

  • Incubator Beds  

  • Oxygen Hood

  • Neonatal Ventilator 

  • Resuscitation

    • IV infusion

    • Blood Transfusion

    • Plasma Transfusion 

  • Neonatal Health Monitors

    • Blood Pressure

    • Heart Rate

    • Temperature

    • Respiration

    • Ultrasound

    • Echocardiogram

  • Lactation Systems

  • Minimally Invasive Neonatal Diagnostic Kits

  • Transport Incubators

  • Antibiotic Treatment NICU Care 


The first challenge for the doctors is to incubate the neonate and maintain stability. After this is achieved, the neonate must be examined, diagnosed and treated for any complications that can threaten survivability. Neonatal nurses, respiratory therapists and lactation experts ensure that the neonate is given the right care and nutrition until it is possible to discharge the patient.

If the newborn's body systems are unable to support it sufficiently, NICU admittance becomes necessary. However, sometimes the neonate is admitted to the NICU to be kept under observation because of complications during birth. To know more, visit our best NICU hospital in Ghaziabad.

● Early contractions ● Increased pelvic/abdominal pressure ● Continuous back pain ● Premature membrane rupture (water breaks early)

There are many factors that can contribute to preterm birth, and even those women with no known risk factors can go into labor prematurely. The best thing to do is to be in regular contact with your healthcare provider and to detect possibilities of preterm birth early on. Consult with experts at our best neonatology center in Ghaziabad.

Due to the potential for pregnancy complications, it is important to be regular with your doctor and to investigate any unusual symptoms at the earliest.

ICU cares for patients in critical condition, while a NICU cares for newborns needing intensive care.

NICUs take care of newborns who are critically ill, while ICUs take care of patients who need life-saving treatment or surgery. The design of facilities at NICU care for infants. Manipal Hospitals has the best NICU facility in Ghaziabad.

Level 1 Care- For Neonates that weigh over 1800 grams with a gestational maturity of 34 or more weeks.

Level 2 Care-For Neonates that weigh less than 1800 grams, but more than 1200 grams, with a gestational maturity between 30 and 34 weeks.

Level 3 Care-For Neonates that weigh less than 1200 grams with a gestational maturity of fewer than 30 weeks.

Premature birth can result from a variety of factors, including:

  • Placental Insufficiency. A problem with the Placenta prevents it from delivering enough nutrients and oxygen to the baby.

  • Viral infections like Rubella or Cytomegalovirus (CMV) can lead to Placental Insufficiency.

  • Uterine Bleeding and infection can lead to premature birth if they occur late in pregnancy.

Consult the best Neonatologists at Manipal Hospitals, Ghaziabad, for the best treatment for a newborn.

A healthy baby has no health problems and meets typical development milestones, which include having a good weight, a robust immune system, a good appetite, and being born at term (or on time).

A healthy baby is not born early or late, which can lead to complications in development. A healthy baby also does not have any genetic conditions or physical malformations.

Consult the best Paediatrician at Manipal Hospitals, Ghaziabad, for the best treatment of infants.

Manipal Hospitals is dedicated to ensuring the best possible care for all its patients. The high-quality, life saving care provided to our patients in the NICU's is a testament to this.

Contact us for more information on our NICU and book an appointment with one of our Neonatal specialists today.

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit | Neonatal Care Unit - Manipal Hospital