Total Knee Replacement Surgery - Recovery and Tips
Dr. Ashutosh Jha
Jul 07, 2022
Orthopaedics deals with diseases, injuries, and disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Orthopaedics is also a speciality of surgery that focuses on these problems. An orthopaedic surgeon diagnoses and treats the musculoskeletal system's diseases, disorders, and injuries. They focus on injuries or problems affecting bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves.
Manipal Hospitals is the best orthopaedic hospital in Ghaziabad. We treat all conditions, from fractures to debilitating spinal injuries. The best orthopaedic doctors in Ghaziabad ensure a fast and smooth recovery. We have ultra-modern facilities and technology, and Manipal Hospitals has a cumulative experience of more than 4000 doctors across 28 hospitals. Visit our hospital to get in touch with the best hospital in Ghaziabad.
Arthroscopy is derived from the Greek language and simply means "to look within the joint”. It is a type of keyhole surgical procedure, where orthopaedic surgeons use an arthroscope fitted with a camera and a bright light source to visualize, diagnose, and treat conditions of a joint.
A total knee and hip joint replacement are a surgical procedure that involves replacing the worn-out or damaged joints of the knee and the hip with a prosthesis (artificial joint) made of metal, or plastic. The parts of a knee joint that can be replaced include the femur (the lower part of the thighbone), tibia (the upper part of the shin bone), and…
Osteoporosis’ which means ‘Porous bone’ is a bone disease characterized by low mineral density. This condition makes the bone weak, and brittle and increases the risk of fractures due to trivial falls.
This is a surgical procedure that removes the Lamina, the rear side of the vertebrae. The surgery is also referred to as a decompression surgery and relieves pressure on the spinal cord caused by overgrowth of bone (bone spur) in the spinal canal. Laminectomies are more common among older people who are prone to developing bone spurs.
This is a surgical procedure to correct misalignment in the skeleton where a bone is longer or shorter than its opposite. The misalignment is corrected by cutting or reshaping the bone to bring it back to normalcy. An osteotomy is often done as a way to delay or avoid hip or knee replacement surgery in the future.
Treatment for this condition depends on the cause and severity of nerve compression. Typically, pinched nerves are treated with physiotherapy, steroids (NSAID's corticosteroids, etc. However, in some cases, orthopedic surgery may be required to remove scar tissue or any other obstructive material that is interfering with the nerves.
Advanced surgical procedures are carried out by specialists in the case of complex injuries in the muscles, bones, and ligaments that hinder the performance of professional athletes. Various techniques and specialized programs are developed to treat and avoid injuries related to sports. Specialists aim to restore complete functionality to patients…
What are Orthopaedic Conditions?
Orthopaedic conditions are a group of disorders that affect the bones and joints. The term "Orthopaedic" comes from the Greek words orthos and paideia, which mean "straight" and "child." Orthopaedic conditions are disorders that can occur at any age, but they are most common in children because their bones and joints are tender and still developing.
Common problems include:
Arthritis is a degenerative joint disease that causes inflammation and pain. It affects the joints, the areas where two bones meet to allow movement. Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Gout and Lupus are common forms of Arthritis.
A Fracture is a bone break that can happen when too much force on the bone causes it to break. Fractures are prevalent and can result from falls, motor vehicle accidents to sports injuries. Typically, broken bones will need surgery and a cast to provide mechanical support and healing space to the damaged area. However, an open wound would require immediate medical intervention and might need surgical intervention if the infection has spread deep into the bone.
Joint pain is a common condition that can affect any joint. It can result from overuse, injury or illness. Symptoms of joint pain include swelling and stiffness.
Manipal Hospitals has the best orthopaedic surgeon in Ghaziabad. We offer comprehensive treatment for all Orthopaedic conditions:
Pediatric conditions include
Knee injuries include
Hip injuries include
Shoulder injuries include
Elbow injuries include
Hand injuries include
Foot and Ankle injuries include
X-Rays diagnose Orthopaedic conditions, such as Fractures, Arthritis, and other similar injuries. A beam of radiation from the X-Ray machine on the body creates a film enabling accurate diagnosis.
A CT Scan uses X-Rays and creates cross-sectional body images. CT scans diagnose orthopaedic conditions, such as Traumatic Fractures, Dislocations, and Bony Tumours. A CT scan can also evaluate internal injuries that may not be visible on other imaging tests or plain X-rays.
MRI creates body images using magnetic fields. It can diagnose orthopaedic conditions like Arthritis, Fractures, and Tumours. Doctors prefer MRI over X-rays for complex conditions as it is more accurate and does not expose patients to radiation.
EMG is a procedure to diagnose neuromuscular conditions. An electric current stimulates the nerve and muscles and provides information about their function, which can help doctors determine if a patient has nerve damage or muscle weakness. It diagnoses Peripheral Neuropathy (nerve damage) and myopathy (muscle weakness).
Intra Articular Injection
Intra Articular Injection injects medicine directly into the joint. The treatment reduces pain and swelling in the joints.
An orthopaedic surgeon or a sports medicine doctor administers Intra Articular Injection. Patients usually get these injections at one of three places: the shoulder, hip or knee.
Cast removal is a treatment for Orthopaedic conditions. A doctor removes the cast when the patient recovers.
Cast removal is done by cutting off the cast with a saw or scissors, after which doctors may clean the wound with an antiseptic solution. The wound is then bandaged with gauze and covered with an elastic bandage to protect it from infection and keep it from re-opening.
A laminectomy removes a portion of the spinal vertebrae or laminae. The laminae are the bony plates that make up the spinal column and protect the spinal cord.
Doctors perform Laminectomy when there is too much pressure on the spinal cord, which can cause back pain and other symptoms like numbness, tingling and muscle weakness. Some common causes of increased pressure on the spine include Herniated Disks or Arthritis in the neck region. Laminectomy may also be a part of another operation for treating back problems such as Spinal Stenosis or Cauda Equina Syndrome.
Osteotomy involves cutting and moving a bone. The procedure can correct deformities, relieve pressure on nerves and blood vessels, or reduce pain.
Osteotomy works with other treatments, such as Joint Replacement or Internal Fixation. It is an essential step in treating many Orthopaedic conditions, including Fractures, Arthritis, Scoliosis and Spinal Curvature.
Pinched Nerves Treatment
Pinched Nerves cause pain and discomfort in the body. They result from various issues, including Trauma, Arthritis, or Muscle Spasms. Treatment for pinched nerves often depends on the underlying cause, but there are several ways to reduce the pain.
In severe cases where rest alone does not provide adequate relief, surgery may be necessary to repair damaged tissue or remove foreign objects, such as splinters or screws lodged within the soft tissue surrounding the spinal cord or nerves.
Herniated Discs Treatment
Herniated Discs cause pain, weakness, and numbness. Many people suffer from herniated discs without realising it—the symptoms can range from very mild to extremely severe.
The treatment for Herniated Discs varies based on the severity of the symptoms. A doctor may recommend physical therapy or medication shots to reduce inflammation and help ease the pain. Surgery may remove the damaged disc and fuse two vertebrae with plates or screws in more severe cases.
Sports Injury Treatment
A Sports Injury occurs during a sporting activity. It can result from several factors, including overuse, improper technique and equipment failure.
These injuries can range from minor to severe, depending on the damage to the injury site. A minor injury may require only some rest and physical therapy to heal correctly, while a more serious one might require surgery for the patient to walk again!
Total Knee Replacement
Total Knee Replacement replaces the entire knee joint with an artificial one. It treats Osteoarthritis, a degenerative condition that causes pain and stiffness in the joints.
Total Knee Replacement removes part or the entire damaged knee joint and replaces it with an artificial one.
Total Hip Replacement
Total Hip Replacement replaces the entire joint in the hip with an artificial one. The artificial joint may have metal, plastic or ceramic components, which are biocompatible, allowing the patient to walk again without pain or stiffness.
The cause of total hip replacement is either a disease or injury to the hip joint. A disease can be Osteoarthritis or Rheumatoid Arthritis, while an injury can be from a fall or sports injury. The process involves
Primary Complex Hip and Knee Replacement Surgery treats severe Osteoarthritis or the breakdown of joint cartilage due to an injury to the joint or by normal wear and tear over time.
The process involves removing and replacing all damaged bone surfaces with prostheses. The new surfaces allow the patient to walk again without pain and function normally.
Total Elbow Replacement
Total Elbow Replacement repairs a damaged elbow joint. The elbow joint joins the upper arm bone (Humerus) and lower arm bones (Radius and Ulna). The bones in an elbow can become damaged due to injury or Arthritis, which causes pain and limited movement.
A Total Elbow Replacement helps when Osteoarthritis or Rheumatoid Arthritis destroys all the bone in the joint. It removes the damaged bone and replaces it with metal, ceramic or plastic parts from another source.
The procedure also includes replacing parts of the ligaments holding the joint together and tendons attaching muscles to the forearm region's bones.
Limb Deformity Correction
Limb Deformity Correction helps patients with limbs that are too short or long, shaped unusually, or that have suffered from other forms of trauma.
The procedure involves cutting the bone and slowly applying a device to pull it into its proper shape. The surgeons may repeat the process several times until the limb has reached its desired length.
Physiotherapy is a treatment that can help with a wide range of injuries and conditions. A physiotherapist assesses the condition and determines the best way to treat it based on the specific needs. The treatment may include massage, exercise, muscle stimulation or other activities.
Arthroplasty repairs or replaces a joint. There are many types of Arthroplasty, including knee, hip, shoulder and ankle replacements.
Arthroplasty helps older patients who have difficulty walking and are at risk for Osteoarthritis. The surgery involves removing diseased tissue from the joint space and then replacing it with an artificial implant that allows for movement of the joint similar to that of an uninjured joint.
Orthobiologics is a treatment for joint and muscle pain that uses the body's natural healing properties. The procedure involves injecting cells into the pain area, which then encourages the body to produce new tissue. This new tissue can replace damaged or worn-out tissue and reduce inflammation in the area.
Cartilage Restoration helps patients who have lost cartilage in their knees, hips and other joints. The procedure involves injecting a particular solution into damaged areas of the joint to help stimulate new growth and repair.
The doctor makes a small incision via the skin to access the area of cartilage damage, then inject the solution into this area using a needle or syringe. The doctor may use Ultrasound to guide the solution into the joint.
Joint Preservation Procedures
Joint Preservation Procedures treat an injury to the joint, but the patient does not want to undergo a major operation. A joint preservation procedure involves removing as little bone as possible and then putting in a metal or ceramic implant to stabilise the joint while it heals.
Fracture Surgeries treat a fracture that has not healed correctly. The surgery may involve using screws, plates, or rods to hold the fractured bone together so it can heal properly.
The treatment depends on the location and severity of the fracture. If the fracture is in a weight-bearing part of the body, such as the ankle or knee, it is likely that surgery will be needed.
Complex Articular Reconstructions
Complex Articular Reconstructions restore function and stability to the knee, hip, ankle and shoulder joints. Techniques include Microfracture Surgery and Osteochondral Autograft Transfer (OAT). The goal of complex articular reconstructions is to improve mobility and functionality by restoring the integrity of the joint.
Salvage Procedures for Neglected Trauma
The first step in repairing a broken bone is to reduce and stabilise the fracture with hardware. The second option for Salvage Procedures is to perform an Open Reduction Internal Fixation (ORIF), which involves using screws and plates to hold the fractured bones together while they heal. The third option for Salvage Procedures is External Fixation (EF). External fixation involves placing pins into the bones through holes drilled in the skin and then attaching them to an external frame that keeps everything aligned while healing occurs.
Polytrauma Management is the process of caring for patients who have suffered multiple injuries in a single event. Polytrauma Management is a specialised trauma care area requiring a multidisciplinary team and often involves advanced surgical techniques at a regional trauma centre.
The goal of polytrauma management is to provide comprehensive care to patients to maximise their functional recovery, minimise complications, and ensure optimal quality of life after discharge from the hospital. Book an appointment and consult with the best doctors in Ghaziabad.
Limb Preservation refers to the practice of keeping limbs or appendages intact and functioning through surgical excision, which involves removing the diseased limb and replacing it with a prosthesis or through amputation.
In limb preservation, a surgeon will perform a surgical excision to remove the diseased limb and replace it with an artificial one connected to the body by wires that run through the skin and connect directly to nerves in the area.
Oncological Reconstruction includes the complete or partial removal of the affected part of the body, followed by its replacement with an artificial one. This process can be done by removing the entire bone or by removing a part of it and reattaching it to another part.
Oncological Reconstruction also aims to improve patients' quality of life by restoring their ability to move freely around their surroundings without any limitations caused by pain or discomfort caused by cancerous growths within bones.
Sprengel Shoulder Surgery
Sprengel Shoulder Surgery is an orthopaedic treatment that corrects the alignment of the humeral head by removing damaged cartilage.
The operation includes an incision on the front of the shoulder joint and removing damaged cartilage inside the joint.
Torticollis is a condition of twisted head and neck due to Cervical Spondylosis, Congenital Malformations, or Trauma. Torticollis can cause various symptoms, including pain on one side of the neck and shoulder.
The treatment for torticollis depends on its cause. If it is due to a Congenital Malformation, surgery may be needed. In other cases, physical therapy might help[.
Torticollis Correction is possible with proper treatment, but it is essential to seek help as it could lead to permanent muscle contractions and posture problems.
Manipal Hospitals has the best orthopaedic doctors in Ghaziabad, along with facilities like:
Shoulder Injury Management
Knees Injury Management
Joint Replacement Surgeries
Total Hip Replacement.
Joint Preservation Procedures
Complex Articular Reconstructions
Salvage Procedures for Neglected Trauma
Congenital and Developmental Disorders in Children
Hand and Wrist Disorders
Minimally Invasive Procedures
Pre-surgery and Post-Surgery Assistance
After gathering general information about the patient's health, our orthopaedician will review the patient's medical history, and do a complete physical examination. Then the doctor might order the necessary investigations to determine the health of your body.
Yes, a fracture can change the length of limbs. It is common for fractures to do so. Doctors can treat the length with surgery to shorten the other limb.
It is essential to see the best orthopaedic surgeon in Ghaziabad for the proper treatment.
Any number of things can cause chronic back pain. The most common cause is a Herniated Disc, when the soft tissue between vertebrae ruptures and pushes into the spinal canal. Other causes include Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Spinal Stenosis (a narrowing of the spinal canal), or Spinal Infections.
Normal knee pain is discomfort while exercising or participating in other physical activities.
Arthritis is degenerative and causes painful swelling and joint stiffness.
Discuss the symptoms with the best orthopaedic doctors in Ghaziabad for the proper guidance.
To know more, visit the best orthopaedic hospital in Ghaziabad.
Yes, it is possible to treat a tilted head from birth.
The most effective way to treat a tilted head is to get the surgery done on the skull and neck, recommended when the brain does not fit into the skull properly, causing pressure.
Having an orthopaedic condition like arthritis, ligament tears and cubital tunnel syndrome can affect the quality of life. Manipal Hospitals has dedicated to providing high-quality, personalized care and building long-term partnerships with its patients. Contact us to know more about orthopaedic problems and book an appointment with one of our orthopaedic specialists today.