What is termed a Sports Injury?
Sports injuries are a common occurrence in athletic activities and can range from minor sprains and strains to more serious injuries like fractures, torn ligaments and concussions. If not diagnosed or treated timely, they may cause further complications which can result in bed rest for a significant time period, extensive treatment or restricted body movement till complete recovery. At Manipal Hospitals, we have highly experienced orthopaedic surgeons in Ghaziabad to treat a wide range of sports injuries. Rely on us as our facility is equipped with the latest equipment and we have onboard highly qualified surgeons, and paramedic staff, that offers optimum care.
Common Sports Injuries
Sports injuries can be categorised into two acute and chronic. Depending on the severity the method of the treatment and its duration are decided. Listed below are some commonly reported sports injuries:
Any injury to a ligament caused by a sudden twist or impact that results in overstretching or tearing. Common sites of sprains are the ankle, knee, and wrist.
Injuries to a muscle or tendon are caused by overuse, stretching, or tearing. Common sites of strains are the hamstrings, quadriceps, and lower back.
A break or crack in a bone caused by a sudden impact, direct blow, or overuse. Common sites of fractures are the wrist, ankle, and collarbone.
Displacement of a bone from its normal position, often caused by a sudden impact or twisting. Common sites of dislocations are the shoulder and finger joints.
Any inflammation of a tendon caused by overuse, repetitive motion, or injury. Common sites of tendinitis are the elbow (tennis elbow) and the Achilles tendon.
A traumatic brain injury is caused by a blow to the head or body, leading to a disturbance in brain function. Common causes of concussions are contact sports like football, soccer, and hockey.
Pain along the shinbone (tibia) is caused by overuse and repetitive stress on the muscles, tendons, and bone tissue.
Common overuse injury that causes pain around the kneecap (patella), usually from repetitive strain or imbalanced muscle strength.
Pain and inflammation in the outer part of the elbow are caused by overuse of the forearm muscles and tendons.
Rotator cuff injuries
Tears or strains in the muscles and tendons that attach the shoulder blade to the upper arm bone, are caused by overuse or injury.
Common Procedures To Treat Sports Injuries
There are various medical procedures performed to provide the best sports injury treatment in Ghaziabad. One should only rely on an experienced orthopaedic doctor in Ghaziabad for the right diagnosis and treatment in case of sports injuries. Mentioned below are a few common procedures performed to treat sports injuries:
Rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE)
This is a common initial treatment for many sports injuries, including sprains, strains, and fractures. It involves resting the affected area, applying ice to reduce swelling, compressing the area with a bandage or brace, and elevating the affected limb to reduce swelling.
This treatment involves exercises and stretches designed to improve strength, flexibility, and range of motion in the affected area. Physical therapy is often used to treat injuries like severe sprains, strains, and tendonitis.
Pain-relieving medications are prescribed to manage pain and reduce inflammation. One must not consume painkillers as and when one feels pain, as it can be dangerous. You must consult an orthopaedic for the right medicine and dosage.
Bracing or casting
In some cases, a brace or cast may be applied to immobilize the affected area and promote healing. This is common in cases of fractures or dislocations.
In severe cases of injury, surgery may be necessary to repair a torn ligament, tendon, or muscle, or to realign a dislocated joint. Surgery may also be necessary to repair a fracture that cannot be treated with a cast or brace.
Steroid injections may be used to reduce inflammation and pain in the affected area. Injections of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) or stem cells may also be used to promote healing.
This is a non-invasive treatment that uses shockwaves to stimulate healing in the affected area. This is often used to treat conditions like plantar fasciitis, tennis elbow, and Achilles tendonitis.
Risks Involved in Sports Injuries
There are several risks involved in sports injuries if they are not treated in a timely manner. Here are some potential risks:
Untreated sports injuries can lead to chronic pain, which can be debilitating and may restrict an individual’s movement in addition to causing pain/discomfort in performing daily chores.
When muscle and joint injuries are left untreated they can cause stiffness and reduced range of motion, making it difficult to perform everyday tasks or participate in sports for a long time.
Some injuries, such as fractures or dislocations, can cause nerve damage if left untreated. Nerve damage can cause numbness, tingling, or loss of sensation in the affected area.
Untreated injuries can lead to muscle weakness or atrophy, which can make it difficult to perform daily activities or sports.
Development of secondary injuries
Untreated injuries can cause compensatory movement patterns, which can lead to the development of secondary injuries in other areas of the body.
Some injuries, such as certain types of fractures or dislocations, can cause long-term damage if left untreated. This can include arthritis, chronic pain, or loss of function.
Increased risk of re-injury
Untreated injuries can increase the risk of re-injury in the future, especially if the injury is not fully healed or rehabilitated.
Mental health consequences
Untreated injuries can lead to anxiety, depression, or other mental health consequences, especially if they limit an individual's ability to participate in activities they enjoy.
Overall, it is important to seek medical attention for sports injuries in a timely manner to prevent these potential risks and to ensure the best possible outcome for recovery.
Rehabilitation After Sports Injuries
The rehabilitation process after a sports injury might involve undergoing various therapies, medication and lifestyle modifications. The rehab duration will also vary depending on the severity and type of injury. Listed below are a few therapies that you might be recommended by your orthopaedic doctor:
This involves exercises and manual techniques to improve range of motion, flexibility, strength, and overall physical function.
This focuses on improving daily living skills, such as dressing and bathing, and may also address fine motor skills and hand-eye coordination.
This involves the manipulation of soft tissues to reduce pain, improve circulation, and aid in healing.
This involves exercises performed in a pool or other body of water, which can reduce stress on the joints and improve mobility.
Electromyography (EMG) biofeedback
This involves using sensors to measure muscle activity and provide feedback to the patient, which can help them learn to control their muscle activity and improve function.
This involves the use of high-frequency sound waves to stimulate healing and reduce pain.
Cold laser therapy
This involves the use of low-level laser light to stimulate healing and reduce pain.
This involves the insertion of thin needles into specific points on the body to stimulate healing and reduce pain.
This can help athletes cope with the emotional and psychological impact of an injury and may include cognitive-behavioural therapy, relaxation techniques, or other approaches.
It's important to note that not all of these therapies may be appropriate for all individuals or injuries. An orthopaedic surgeon determines the most appropriate course of treatment for each individual case after thoroughly assessing an individual’s reports and needs.
At Manipal Hospitals, we have a team of renowned and experienced orthopaedic surgeons in Ghaziabad, who can guide you well and perform advanced surgical procedures to treat a wide range of sports injuries.