What is Urology?
Urology studies the urinary tract and reproductive system. Urologists diagnose and treat conditions related to these body parts, including diseases like kidney stones, prostate cancer, and erectile dysfunction.
The female reproductive system is a series of organs that work together to produce and release an egg, provide a place for the fertilised egg to grow, and provide the foetus with nourishment during pregnancy. The main components are ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, vagina, labia majora and labia minora.
Ovaries are a pair of glands in which eggs form. Fallopian tubes carry the eggs to the uterus, which fertilises the egg. The cervix allows the fluids to pass in and out of the uterus. The vagina allows sexual intercourse and channels menstrual flow. Labia majora and Labia minora are the skin folds to protect the vaginal opening from dryness and infections.
The male system reproductive system includes the penis, which delivers sperm to a female during intercourse. The testes which stay inside the scrotum produce sperm and testosterone
The testes produce sperm and testosterone. They are inside the scrotum, which is cooler than the rest of the body. The temperature difference between your internal body temperature and your testicles is crucial because it helps the sperm survive until they make their way into a vagina during intercourse. The scrotum also acts as a protective sheath for the testicles.
Manipal Hospitals has the best urologists in Ghaziabad who diagnose and treat urology problems, including:
Male and female urinary continence
Urinary Tract Infections
Erectile Dysfunction (ED)
Birth Problems in the Urinary Tract
Uroflowmetry is a test that measures the flow rate of urine. It assesses the bladder muscle's ability to empty and is a part of routine urine analysis.
The test involves placing a small catheter into the urethra and measuring how long it takes for urine to pass through the tube.
Percutaneous Endoscopic Necrosectomy (PEN) uses an endoscope to remove the necrosed or damaged tissue in the abdominal cavity via minimally invasive techniques.
Severe infections or damaged body tissues inside the body may cause the accumulation of body fluids. PEN assesses such tissues and finds fluid-filled body cavities to train or remove.
Usually, Doctors insert an endoscope-assisted device through an incision in the skin. A stent may support access to the abdominal cavity.
Cystoscopy is an imaging technique to examine the urethra and bladder. The doctor inserts the endoscope into the urinary tract to get the images from the camera on a monitor during the examination.
A biopsy removes a tissue sample from the body. A pathologist examines it to determine a disease or cancer.
An excisional biopsy removes a piece of tumour tissue. In contrast, an incisional biopsy takes a sample of cells between healthy cells. A biopsy may also determine whether cancer has spread to other body parts. Biopsy identifies conditions like kidney stones and cancers.
A partial cystectomy is a surgery that removes part of the bladder. It can be partial in that it removes only part of the bladder wall, or it removes only some of the bladder's inner lining and mucous membrane. A radical cystectomy removes the entire bladder.
A penile prosthesis is a procedure that can treat erectile dysfunction in men. The surgery involves inserting a pump into the penis, enabling an erection when pumped. A penile prosthesis is highly effective for men with erectile dysfunction.
Urethroplasty is a surgical procedure to repair the urethra, a tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. Urethroplasty repairs a urethral stricture, or narrowing of the urethra, or treats urinary incontinence, an inability to control urination.
The urethra has two parts:
The proximal part of the urethra, which begins at the bladder and ends at the tip of your penis (or clitoris).
The distal portion of the urethra, which starts at your prostate gland and ends at your urinary opening.
Lithotripsy treatment breaks kidney stones using sound waves. A lithotriptor device performs the procedure against the skin near the patient's kidneys. Doctors recommend it for patients with moderate to severe kidney stone pain.
Endourology is a subspecialty of urology that involves using small instruments and endoscopes to view the urinary tract and perform surgery. The main difference between endourology and general urology is that endocrinologists have specialised training to perform minimally invasive procedures using tiny instruments through small incisions in the body. Endourology treats conditions like kidney stones, bladder cancer, and prostate cancer.
Reconstructive urology is the area of urology that aids in restoring the normal functions of the urinary tract by rerouting, repairing, or recreating areas of the urinary tract and reproductive organs.
Reconstructive urology treats congenital disabilities and injuries or corrects adverse effects of surgery. It offers excellent results for various upper and lower tract reconstructive problems, including Laparoscopic/ Robotic Pyeloplasty, Ileal replacement of the Ureter, Boari Flap, and Augmentation Cystoplasty.
Laparoscopic urology is a surgical procedure used to treat urinary obstruction, kidney stones, and tumours. It uses small incisions in the abdomen and a camera to see internal organs.
Robotic Urology performs precise urological procedures using robots that assist doctors. Robotic urology is helpful for patients with existing urological conditions.
- Partial or Radical Cystectomy
A partial or radical cystectomy is needed to treat cancer when bladder cancer has spread beyond the original cancer site or has returned after treatment. A partial nephrectomy removes only part of the bladder if cancer has not spread outside the bladder wall.
In a radical nephrectomy, surgeons remove the entire bladder and some surrounding tissue to treat tumours that have spread.
Penectomy is the surgical removal of the entire penis or part of the penis. Total penectomy involves the removal of the entire penis and scrotum. In contrast, partial penectomy removes only part of the penis. Partial penectomy can treat cancer or disfigurement, whereas total penectomy happens when no other options are available to treat cancer or fatal infection.
Radical orchiectomy is a surgery that removes the testicles to treat enlarged prostate or cancer in the prostate, bladder, and kidney. It also treats cancers spread from other body parts.
Prostate surgery treats prostate cancer, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and prostate enlargement. It involves removing the prostate gland and surrounding tissue from the body through an incision in the lower abdomen.
Patients of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) undergo laser prostatectomy (HoLEP) or conventional surgery (TURP). Patients of prostate cancer treatments undergo TRUS biopsy and robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy.
- Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy uses a small incision in the skin to insert a thin tube called a nephroscope in a minimally invasive procedure. It allows doctors to observe the urinary tract and remove stones.
PCNL treats renal and upper urinary tract stones by removing stones from the kidney, ureter, or bladder. PCNL helps patients experiencing symptoms of kidney stones or a history of kidney stones.
- Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery (RIRS)
Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS), also known as percutaneous nephrolithotomy, is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that removes kidney stones from the kidney. This surgery happens through small incisions in the back, so there are minimal external scars. The surgeon uses a camera to access the kidney and remove the stone inside it.
Ureteroscopy (URS) treats abnormalities in the ureters, the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder. URS uses a small telescope inserted into the urethra to identify and treat these abnormalities.
Surgeons will use either a rigid or flexible scope depending on their requirements—the flexible scope is the preferred choice for bladder stones.
Ureteroscopy allows surgeons to identify and treat causes of urine build-up in the kidneys, which can result in pain, infection, and kidney failure.
At Manipal Hospitals, Ghaziabad, we offer renal transplants using the laparoscopic donor nephrectomy technique, minimising the donor's pain and ensuring that their kidney is in good condition for transplantation. We also perform Robotic Recipient surgery and pediatric kidney transplants, evaluate potential donors, prepare recipients, and cross-match tissue types to ensure a successful renal transplant. We also offer preemptive kidney transplants, Highly Antigenic Kidney Transplant Surgery, Re-Transplant and Transplantation in HIV Positive patients, and ABO-incompatible kidney transplants. Book an appointment at the best urology hospital in Ghaziabad to get the finest treatment.