Cervical Spine Disorders: Types, Diagnosis, And Treatment

Posted On Jan 25, 2023

5 Min Read

Dr. Nishant Shanker Yagnick

Senior Consultant

Manipal Hospital-Gurugram

Neuro Surgeon in Gurgaon

We all nod in agreement when something agreeable is being said. A frantic no is often given by the shake of the head. We say so much just by the movement of our heads, and never even realize it. A yes, a no, a nudge, and exasperation, are all conveyed by the movement of the head. But, how do we do it? Yes, the brain decides our movement, but to help that brain execute there is a big network of muscles and bones.

What is the Cervical Spine?

The cervical spine is an arrangement of bones extending from the base of the skull to the seventh spinal bone also called C7. These seven units together comprise the cervical spine. The skull sits on a round ring-shaped bone called Atlas or C1 followed by the Axis or C2. These two bones are responsible for the turning around and sideways motion of the neck. The cervical muscles surround the entire cervical spine region to provide functional support in movement, and connection of veins to the brain. A number of disk-like tissues called spinal disks to sit between consecutive vertebrae to provide support and shock absorption to the bones.

At Manipal Hospitals, we have highly experienced spine surgeons and neurosurgeons in Gurgaon to treat various spine-related problems. Continue reading to find out what all comprises cervical spine disorders, their diagnosis, and treatment.

What are Cervical Spine Diseases?

A lot of different conditions can impact the health of the cervical spine and hamper movement, or cause extreme pain. There are many reasons behind cervical spine disease, a bad posture or excessive neck strain are a few of them. Other serious conditions classified under cervical spine disease are:

  • Cervical Degenerative Disk Disease

A disorder where the disks between the spinal vertebrae degenerate or decay due to various inherited or acquired inefficiency of the body to identify cells of itself.

  • Herniated Disk

A hernia is an abnormal overgrowth of an organ into the body cavity or outwards. A herniated disk can cause immense discomfort and be fatal, especially when around the neck region.

  • Cervical Spondylosis

When the cervical spine is affected by age-related arthritis, leading to the wearing of the disk and increasing friction between the vertebrae.

  • Cervical Spinal Fracture

Any trauma or blunt force to the spine can cause fracture of the bones, also, excessive pressure on the neck can lead to injury too.

  • Cervical Spinal Injury

Injuries in the neck region due to pressure, improper workout or etc. can lead to severe pain.

  • Bone Spur

Abnormal growth of the bones of the cervical spine can be painful and cause severe issues.

  • Pinched Nerves

The cervical spine houses nerves which connect the vertebra to the brain. Any physical deformity in this region can lead to pressure on the nerves and may lead to serious health implications.

  • Cervical Spinal Tumour

Tumors in the neck region, cancerous or non-cancerous can both lead to severe health implications.

  • Cervical Compression

Compression of the cervical muscles and or nerves can be life-threatening if not treated timely as the muscles and nerves in this region protect the spine and assist overall movement and coordination for the brain.

  • Osteomyelitis

Often there may be injuries or other infections that may lead to bacterial or fungal invasion of the bones of the cervical spine. This is broadly termed as Osteomyelitis.

How do I know if I am at Risk of Cervical Spine Disease?

Cervical spine diseases are not as easy to spot as a fever. Certain risk factors that increase the risk of developing spine diseases are:

  • Bad posture

  • Excessive pressure on the neck.

  • Recent trauma to the head or neck.

  • Heredity of traits for weak bones.

These are some of the most prominently known precursors. For proper care, one must opt for a clinical opinion. Get the best cervical spine disorders treatment in Gurgaon at the best hospital.

Diagnosis of Cervical Spine Disease

Visiting a cervical spine doctor is advised for anyone experiencing prolonged neck pain or stiffness. Your doctor would advise you to undergo various tests for a proper diagnosis:

  • X-Ray

  • CT Scan

  • MRI

  • Myelogram (Nerve Conduction Test)

Treatment of Cervical Spine Disease

Now that we know the risk factors for cervical spinal disease and the means for diagnosis. We shall learn about our treatment options too. Treatment can vary from basic physiotherapy to surgery. The condition and extent of damage to the spine would be assessed by your doctor to conclude the treatment plan. Some means of treatment for relief are:

  • Correction of body posture.

  • Physiotherapy

  • Posture correction neck brace.

  • Support brace

  • Heat and cold Patches

  • Steroid therapy

  • Muscle relaxants

  • Surgical intervention

At Manipal Hospitals, we have some of the best spine doctors in Gurgaon to take care of your neck and spine conditions. Our neurosurgeons are amongst the best in the city, for all nerve-related issues and disorders. We invite you to visit our blog page to read more about bone health and spine health. For further queries about neck injuries and spinal health, book an appointment today.

Manipal Hospitals, Gurugram

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