All About Myositis And Its Treatment

Posted On Feb 08, 2023

4 Min Read

Department of Rheumatology

Manipal Hospitals

Rheumatology clinic in Kharadi Pune

Myopathy includes myositis. Myopathies are a collective name for illnesses that affect the muscles that attach to your bones (skeletal muscles). Your entire body is affected by several types of myositis, which affect various muscle groups. The muscles you use to move such as arms, legs, spine, abdomen, shoulders, and hips are typically affected by myositis. People suffering from myositis may also experience muscle weakness around their eyes, diaphragm, or esophagus. 

You can get the best treatment for myositis at the rheumatology clinic in Kharadi, PuneIn this article, let’s find out more about the different types of myositis, their causes, symptoms, and treatment.

Different Types of Myositis

Based on your symptoms and the location of your damaged muscles, a medical professional will diagnose the specific type of myositis that you have. Myositis can take several distinct forms, including:

  • Polymyositis

Multiple muscles are impacted simultaneously by polymyositis. Typically, the muscles on or close to your body's core experience problems.

Over time, polymyositis steadily worsens. Adults are frequently affected by this type of myositis. Polymyositis is twice as common in women and those born with the gender designation "female" as it is in men and those born with the gender designation "male." Symptoms of Myositis could make climbing stairs, lifting objects, and standing up after sitting difficult.   

  • Dermatomyositis

Myositis in the form of dermatomyositis affects both your muscles and your skin. Although dermatomyositis can develop fast, other cases take months to manifest. The sooner you start therapy, the more likely it is that serious consequences won't occur.

Dermatomyositis occasionally results in death, particularly in the first year following the onset of symptoms. Additionally, it may raise your risk of getting some cancers. Dermatomyositis can strike anyone at any time. Juvenile dermatomyositis is the term used when it occurs in children.

  • Body-inclusion Myositis

One type of degenerative muscle disease is inclusion body myositis. Typically, those over 50 are affected.

Muscle wasting in your extremities is brought on by the inclusion of body myositis (your hands and your legs below your knees). The muscles in your throat that aid in swallowing may also be impacted. Dysphagia affects about 30% of those who have inclusion body myositis (difficulty swallowing).

It could be challenging for someone with inclusion body myositis to:

  • Perform simple actions like buttoning a garment.

  • Grab a tiny object.

  • Walk or a stand.

  • Swallow

Common Symptoms of Myositis 

Myositis's primary symptom is muscle wasting. While some people might feel pain in their muscles, others might not. Aching muscles, persistent fatigue, difficulty sitting, swallowing discomfort, and sadness are further signs of this illness. Additionally, simple actions like combing your hair, lifting objects, and climbing stairs could become difficult.

Why does Myositis Occur?

Myositis has an unknown exact cause, according to experts. It can happen on its own, but other medical issues might sometimes set it off.

A condition known as autoimmune myositis. Your immune system accidentally attacks your body rather than defending it, which results in autoimmune illnesses. Why your immune system does this is unknown. Myositis is more prone to occur in some patients with certain autoimmune illnesses, such as Rheumatoid arthritis.

Some people have also reported it after they have suffered from a viral infection like influenza, the common cold, or HIV. 

Diagnosis and Treatment for Myositis

The doctor will analyze your symptoms and prescribe more tests like blood tests, MRI, EMG, and muscle biopsy. Myositis does not have a treatment. In order to lessen the influence of your symptoms on your everyday activities, your doctor will treat them. They will attempt to manage your symptoms up until the myositis enters remission. You will be given stretches and exercises by your medical professional or physical therapist to keep your afflicted muscles supple and strong. Pain and stiffness may be lessened as a result.

At Manipal Hospitals, we have the best rheumatologists in Kharadi to offer diagnosis and treatment for the disease. Consult our doctors today, if you observe any of the above-mentioned symptoms. We invite you to read more about muscle and bone health in our blogs drafted by doctors or may listen to our podcast.  

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