All About Type 2 Diabetes: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Posted On Jan 17, 2023

4 Min Read

Type 2 diabetes symptoms in Kharadi Pune

The rate at which the cases of diabetes are increasing worldwide is quite alarming. Around 90% of all diabetes cases globally are type 2 diabetes, which is far more prevalent than type 1 diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes is a genetic disorder, whereas type 2 is a result of a bad lifestyle and develops over a long period. 

To help the cells utilize glucose fully, your pancreas creates the hormone insulin (sugar). In type 1 diabetes, the body produces less insulin, but with type 2 diabetes, your body is unable to respond to insulin efficiently and utilize the energy from food. However, as time shifts, your pancreas produces insulin in lesser amounts, and the cells begin to reject it. This results in excess sugar accumulation in your blood. Type 2 diabetes, which causes high blood sugar levels, can cause heart disease, strokes, and even death.

Over 35 million individuals in India have diabetes, making it the country with the highest prevalence. This figure is expected to increase to 70 million by 2025, suggesting that every fifth diabetic in the globe would be an Indian. Manipal Hospitals has been at the forefront of treating diabetes in Pune. We are one of the diabetes and endocrine centres in Kharadi, Pune having highly qualified and experienced diabetes doctors. 

This article features comprehensive information about causes, symptoms, and tips on type 2 diabetes management in detail. Continue reading till the end. 

Causes of Type 2 Diabetes

When you eat, your pancreas produces and releases insulin. It aids in the glucose movement from your bloodstream to the cells that make up every part of your body, where it's used as fuel. When you have type 2 diabetes, your body builds insulin resistance. The hormone is no longer being utilized effectively by your body. In such situations, the pancreas works hard to produce more insulin. This can eventually harm the cells of your pancreas. Your pancreas might eventually lose the ability to make any insulin.

Glucose builds up in your bloodstream if you are unable to create sufficient insulin or if your body doesn't utilize it effectively. Your cells in the body become energy-starved as a result. Poor lifestyle is one of the causes of Type 2 diabetes. Some common factors that increase the risk are:

  • Obesity

  • Sedentary lifestyle

  • Family history of diabetes

  • High blood pressure

  • Stress and anxiety

Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes type 2 might take time to develop. At first, the symptoms may be slight and easy to ignore. Early warning signs could include:

  • Continuous hunger and fatigue

  • Extreme thirst

  • Frequent urination

  • Weariness

  • Hazy vision 

  • Discomfort, tingling, or numbness in your hands or feet.

If you are experiencing Type 2 diabetes symptoms in Kharadi, please consult a specialist doctor for diagnosis and treatment. 

5 Myths and Facts About Diabetes

  • Diabetes is caused by consuming sweets

Diabetes is a condition in which the body is unable to effectively generate or use insulin. A diet rich in sugar and fat can produce obesity, which raises the risk of type 2 diabetes even though eating sweet foods may not directly cause the disease.

  • Diabetes can be cured

The statement is again not true. Generally, diabetes is a chronic condition with no known cure. The disease can be controlled, to avoid further complications. 

  • Amputation is inevitable if you have diabetes

Diabetes that isn't managed over time can cause blood vessel damage and may result in consequences like foot ulcers and amputation. However, if diabetes is treated effectively, these consequences can be avoided to a large extent. This makes it crucial for diabetic individuals to undergo routine testing.

  • Diabetic people should avoid the consumption of carbs 

Carbs raise glucose levels, but they are present in various food groups. Hence it is difficult to avoid them completely. Therefore, you must consult a top dietician and doctor for diabetes in Pune and get the best diet plan for yourself. 

  • Diabetic people have to take insulin injections

No, insulin injections are recommended in cases when the body is not able to produce insulin. Oral medications also augment insulin production hence either of the solutions or both are recommended based on the severity.  

Type 2 Diabetes Management 

Healthy food and regular exercise can help you manage your diabetes. But, your doctor may also prescribe insulin, other injectable treatments, or oral diabetes medications to help you control your blood sugar and prevent problems. Even if you take insulin or other medications, you still need to eat well and exercise regularly. It's crucial to get the required screening tests and maintain your blood pressure and cholesterol levels close to the goals your doctor sets for you. Here are some things that you must switch to:

  • Healthy eating - fibre-rich foods and healthy carbohydrates.

  • Regular exercising

  • Manage stress

  • Drink more water

  • Quit smoking and drinking 

  • Report eye problems immediately 

  • Consume naturally sweet fruits and vegetables.

  • Check your skin and feet for signs of infection.

  • Regularly monitor your blood sugar and maintain a record.

A few lifestyle modifications can help control type 2 diabetes and possibly reverse it. There are medications available for more severe situations for which you must book an appointment with our best doctors for diabetes in Pune for diagnosis, treatment and management tips. Our doctors can help you create a treatment strategy that suits your way of life. We invite you to read our blogs about diabetes management and treatment for more information.  

Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology,

Manipal Hospitals, Kharadi, Pune

Call Us