NICU Level 3: All About The Team, Levels, Treatment And Capabilities

Posted On Mar 09, 2023

4 Min Read

Neonatology clinic in Kharadi Pune

Becoming a parent is a journey that starts way before the birth of the child. As a new parent, everyone wants to transition smoothly into this role with a healthy delivery. A large number of complications can occur at the time of delivery. These may be due to health issues, pre-existing conditions, etc. In this article, let’s find out more about these complications and how NICU can play an essential role in offering the treatment and care needed post complicated deliveries. At the top neonatology clinic in Kharadi, Pune, everyone can expect quality treatment and personalised care for such delicate conditions.

Risk Factors For Pregnancy And Delivery

  • Advanced age

  • The low weight of the mother (35 years of age or older)

  • Bodily weakness

  • Genetic conditions

  • Lifestyle

  • High Blood Pressure

  • Sexually Transmitted Infections

  • Multiple Pregnancies

  • Premature Amniotic Sac Rupture (Breaking of Water)

  • Term of pregnancy

  • Young age (Less than 16 years of age)

  • Complications during Cesarean

There are many risk factors that have the ability to dictate the outcome of pregnancy, the foremost being the advanced age of conception. With changing trends and societal structure, more women are planning parenthood in their 30s than ever recorded. This shift in conception age, coupled with a busy lifestyle and unhealthy amounts of stress can cause various health complications.

Another pressing issue that can lead to health complications in a newborn is premature birth. When the mother goes into labour before term and the baby is born prematurely. Such babies have a rather slim chance of survival if not provided with the right medical care.

Often, a child may be suffering from some congenital disorder such as a malformed valve of the heart. Doctors may perform surgery on such infants and keep them in intensive care for close monitoring. Intensive care units for infants are called Neonatal Intensive Care Units or NICU.

When Does An Infant Need NICU?

  • Breech Birth or abnormal body positioning of the baby

  • Genetic Deformity

  • Low oxygen levels at birth.

  • Blood infections are transmitted from the mother.

  • Need for blood transfusion.

  • Baby born with low blood sugars.

  • Baby born with defective or malformed organs.

  • The baby suffered an injury during delivery.

Neonatal care and intensive care units can help improve survival rates in such infants. Medical technologies have advanced with newer Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU). At Manipal Hospitals, we have a NICU, where your newborn is under the expert care of trained experts, and highly qualified and experienced neonatologists in Kharadi, Pune.  The Teams Of NICU Include:

  • Neonatologist Doctors

Experts trained in medicine and advanced care for premature or preterm babies.

  • Neonatology-trained Nurses

Nurses who are experts in the medical care of preterm infants need extensive care.

  • Dietician

To monitor your infant’s nutritional needs.

  • Respiratory Therapist

​​​​​​​To ensure the well-being of your infant in the NICU.

  • Lactation Consultant

​​​​​​​To help you, take care of your infant and their nutritional needs.

  • Physio and Speech Therapist

​​​​​​​To help with the body posture correction and help the baby learn to use their mouth for feeding.

Levels of NICU

NICUs are broadly divided into four categories or levels:

  • Level 1

​​​​​​​Routine care for a natural or vaginally birthed baby. Most primary care hospitals and some nursing homes are usually equipped with this basic facility.

  • Level 2

​​​​​​​Basic care facility for monitoring a weak or prematurely born baby.

  • Level 3

​​​​​​​Comprehensive Care facility for maintaining and monitoring the health of a premature, or unwell newborn. Infants born with serious health risks or illnesses are usually kept in this facility.

  • Level 4

​​​​​​​Intensive care with clinical facilities for surgery and repair of congenital heart conditions which may require a bypass or other interventional clinical methods. It can be described as a level 3 facility with the added advantage of clinical expertise to tackle surgical interventions required by the infant.

A level 3, NICU has the facility of maintaining and monitoring oxygen levels, a heating facility to maintain optimum body temperatures, and a sterile environment to promote healing of the baby if they have undergone surgery. The teams comprising NICU management include various neonatal and pediatric experts who monitor the health of your newborn.

Neonatologists in Kharadi, Pune with level 3 NICU, provide critical care and support after an infant is born with any of the above-discussed risks. If you are an expecting parent with high-risk factors or planning your parenthood journey, visit your nearest Manipal Hospitals Unit today and learn more about neonatal blood transfusion procedures in kharadi, Pune. You can also book online consultations for expert advice about your pregnancy and delivery concerns.

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