Brain Stroke Symptoms and Treatment
Department of Neurology
Jul 22, 2022
Neurology deals with diagnosing and treating diseases of the nervous system. The nervous system includes the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and muscles. A neurologist is a doctor who specialises in diagnosing and treating disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and nervous system. Our highly experienced neurologists at Manipal Hospitals specialise in treating multiple neurological disorders including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, multiple Sclerosis, Epilepsy, and brain tumours.
Manipal Hospitals is known for its neurological disorder treatment in Kharadi, Pune. The multi-specialty hospital offers treatment for all neurological disorders equipped with the best-in-class equipment and world-class research. We have 28 hospitals across India with more than 4000 doctors with a global pedigree and the expertise to handle all medical urgencies and situations. Book an appointment at our top hospital in Kharadi, Pune.
After confirming stroke, a neurologist will prescribe a series of scans, tests, and examinations to identify the way a stroke has affected the neurological system. The standard battery of tests will include MRIs, CT scans, Ultrasound, blood draws, angiograms and echocardiograms. These tests will shed light on the severity of the stroke as well as the…
EEG or Electroencephalogram is a test that records electrical activity of the brain and brain wave patterns.
Nerves control the muscles in the body by electrical signals and this impulse make the muscles react in specific ways. NCS or Nerve Conduction Study is a non-invasive test which measures how well and how fast the nerves can send electrical signals.
Our brain and spinal cord are surrounded by fluid called cerebrospinal fluid. Lumbar puncture is a procedure in which doctor collects a sample of cerebrospinal fluid which can be tested in the lab for diseases of the brain and spinal cord.
Whether you need to be admitted to our hospital for a serious neurological condition, or come in for a day procedure, our high precision diagnostic equipment help our neurology team to prescribe the best mode of treatment. That’s why patients trust Manipal Hospitals with precise diagnosis.
EMG or Electromyography is an invasive diagnostic procedure to assess the health of muscles and the nerve cells that control them (motor neurons). EMG results can reveal nerve dysfunction, muscle dysfunction or problems with nerve-to-muscle signal transmission.
Some of the common neurological disorders are of the spinal cord, muscular dystrophy, myasthenia gravis, epilepsy, and even insomnia.
Patients suffering from brain trauma or disease that requires round the clock monitoring and care are admitted into the neuro intensive care. The neuro ICU has a team of neurological specialists and nurses that are trained and experienced in providing intensive care to patients. They are equipped to detect and treat a number of neurological disorders…
A memory clinic is a place where people with neurological disorders are treated by neurologists and psychologists to improve their ability to function on a day to day basis. A major symptom of neurological diseases like dementia is the loss of memory that can severely affect an individual and those around them. Professional help after an early diagnosis…
Children are delicate and are the most important people for us. This is why our exclusive paediatric services offer comprehensive diagnosis and management for children who have disorders of the brain, spinal cord, nerves, or muscles. Our highly proficient team specializes in providing neurological care, individual consultations, and customised treatment…
Most strokes are acute and typically start suddenly and worsen rapidly. Sometimes a stroke may be preceded by a transient ischemic attack (TIA), a temporary stroke that reverses itself before it causes any lasting effects.
The dedicated premium lab at Manipal Hospital is equipped with powerful diagnostic intruments. The Electrophysiology lab boasts of high precision Electroencephalogram (EEG), video telemetry and Electromyography (EMG) scans. An electroencephalogram (EEG) is a test that measures and records the electrical activity of the brain. Here, electrical sensors…
The human mind is an intricate web of emotions, thoughts and behaviours. Similarly, the brain operates through electric signals that influence our actions. This intriguing combination is what our immensely talented neurologists and neuropsychologists at Manipal Hospitals handle on a daily basis.
What are Neurological Disorders?
Neurological disorders are a group of conditions that affect the nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord. The nervous system has control of all body functions and is responsible for thinking, feeling, and moving.
Neurological disorders can result from infections (such as Meningitis), injury (such as a Stroke or Spinal Cord Injury), Genetic causes (such as Alzheimer's disease), or exposure to toxins (such as lead poisoning).
The most common neurological disorders include:
Alzheimer's disease: A progressive brain disorder
Dementia: A group of conditions involving memory loss and other mental impairments.
Epilepsy: A disorder that causes seizures.
Parkinson's disease: A chronic neurological condition characterised by tremors, slow movement, stiff muscles and balance problems.
Manipal Hospitals have the best neurologist in Kharadi at its state-of-the-art neurology hospital in Kharadi, Pune, offering complete assistance for neurological conditions like:
Parkinson's Disease and related disorders
Paediatric and Adult Epilepsy
Common Neurological Disorders
An Acute Stroke happens as the blood flow to the brain is interrupted. An obstruction in an artery supplies blood to the brain, or a haemorrhage (bleeding) into the brain may result in a stroke.
Symptoms of an acute stroke include weakness or numbness in one side of the body, difficulty speaking, difficulty seeing from one eye, severe headache and dizziness, loss of balance and coordination, slurred speech, and paralysis. To know more, visit the best hospital in Kharadi, Pune.
If a stroke is suspected:
Call ambulance immediately
Keep them calm and do not move them unless they are in danger
If it is safe, ask them questions about what is wrong (what happened? where are they? who are they?)
Recurrent seizures characterise Epilepsy. A seizure is a brief disruption of regular brain activity caused by surges of electrical signals. Epileptic seizures may occur without any warning or after an aura-like warning.
After a seizure, there may be confusion or sleepiness, but most people return to their normal state after the seizure passes. However, some people may have lingering side effects from a seizure. These can include temporary memory loss or confusion.
Neuromuscular diseases are a group of ailments that affect how muscles work. They can result from nerve damage, muscle damage, or spinal cord issues.
The most common type of neuromuscular disease is Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), which causes nerve cells to break down and die in the brain and spinal cord. The disease destroys the nerves that send signals from the brain to muscles, making a patient unable to move them properly.
Parkinson's disease causes symptoms like tremors and rigidity.
The primary cause of Parkinson's is the loss of dopamine-producing neurons in the brainstem. The disease can lead to impaired motor function, fatigue, and cognitive impairment, a neurodegenerative disorder.
Genetic and environmental factors may combine to cause Parkinson's. Environmental factors include toxins (such as pesticides) and certain viruses showing an increased risk of Parkinson's disease.
Alzheimer's causes memory loss and other cognitive impairments. It is the most common form of Dementia and can affect anyone at any age a degenerative brain disorder.
Deposits of beta-amyloid proteins in the brain, which produce toxic effects that lead to cell death and damage to nerve fibres, are known to cause Alzheimer's by creating plaques (clumps of protein) and tangles (twisted fibres) throughout the brain.
While the cure is still under research, treatments are available to help manage symptoms, increase the quality of life, and improve patient outcomes.
Multiple Sclerosis is a nervous system disease affecting the brain and spinal cord. It occurs when the immune system attacks the central nervous system.
MS causes problems in how the body sends messages between the brain, spinal cord, and other body parts creating trouble moving, thinking, or feeling.
The symptoms of MS can vary widely from person to person. Most people with MS will have periods when their symptoms get worse, followed by periods when they improve or even go away completely.
Demyelinating disorders are a group of diseases that damage the myelin sheath. Myelin is a fatty substance that surrounds and insulates nerves, and it helps the signals passed between them travel faster. When myelin is damaged, the signals fail, causing problems with movement, sensation or other functions.
The most common demyelinating disorders include Multiple Sclerosis, Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis and Optic Neuritis.
An Electroencephalogram (EEG) measures the brain's electrical activity.
EEG stands for electroencephalography.
Electrodes attached to the scalp measure electrical activity in the brain and send signals to an amplifier, producing a graph of the brain's electrical activity over time.
The EEG records sleep patterns, seizures, mental disorders and abnormalities that can occur during pregnancy, tumours and changes related to Alzheimer's disease or Dementia. Consult with the doctors to have the best treatment..
MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) creates pictures of organs and structures inside the body. MRI gives more detailed information than other imaging tests, such as CT scans (Computerised Tomography), because it can show more soft tissue detail. MRI is handy for diagnosing neurological disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease, StrokeStroke, and brain tumours.
The CT scan is a diagnostic imaging technique that uses X-rays to produce cross-sectional images of the body. It is most commonly used to diagnose neurological disorders like strokes and tumours.
The CT scanner uses X-rays with varying radiation levels to create a series of cross-sectional images. These images can diagnose problems with the internal organs, bones, muscles, and other tissues inside the body.
The CT scan is often used in emergencies when doctors need to rule out life-threatening causes of symptoms quickly. The scan can also help determine whether surgery will be necessary or what type of surgery might be appropriate.
Ultrasound produces images of internal anatomy using high-frequency sound waves. These images can detect abnormalities in the brain and other parts of the body. Ultrasound is beneficial for diagnosing neurological disorders, as it can help detect tumours and other problems with the brain.
Lumbar Puncture collects Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) for diagnostic purposes in a procedure where a doctor inserts a needle into the spinal canal. A neurosurgeon performs the procedure under general anaesthesia while the patient lies face down on an operating table.
The procedure diagnoses neurological disorders such as Meningitis or Encephalitis. It can also diagnose conditions such as Multiple Sclerosis and spinal cord tumours.
Electromyography, or EMG, is a way to diagnose neurological disorders. It measures the electrical activity of muscles as they respond to stimuli. A needle electrode inserted into the muscle picks the electrical potentials with a recording device. The recorded signals determine whether there is damage to nerve cells or muscles in the body.
NCS - Nerve Conduction Study
A Nerve Conduction Study (NCS) diagnoses neurological disorders. It measures the time it takes for an electrical impulse to travel down a nerve.
During this test, doctors place electrodes on the skin overlying a nerve and pass a mild electric current through the nerve. The speed of conduction, or how quickly the electrical impulse travels down the nerve, is then measured to determine if there is damage or impairment of nerve function.
A Nerve Conduction Study can be used to diagnose problems such as:
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS)
Degenerative Disk Disease
The Electrophysiology lab at Manipal Hospitals, Kharadi, enables advanced diagnosis and neurological disorder treatment in Kharadi, Pune. The lab has high-precision Electroencephalogram (EEG), Video Telemetry, and Electromyography (EMG) scans, allowing advanced diagnosis of neurological disorders.
3-Tesla MRI is an imaging modality that uses a magnetic field strength of 3 Tesla to produce high-resolution brain images. The higher magnetic field of 3 Tesla can provide better detail and contrast between tissues, making it ideal for diagnosing neurological disorders such as Dementia, Alzheimer's disease, Multiple Sclerosis, and brain tumours.
PET-CT is a diagnostic imaging procedure that combines Positron Emission Tomography and Computed Tomography. It detects, diagnoses and monitors neurological disorders. The scanner allows for precise localisation of metabolic processes in the body, providing information about blood flow, oxygen use and glucose metabolism in various tissues. Book an appointment for the best treatment facilities.
PET-CT scans evaluate brain tumours, Stroke and other conditions affecting the central nervous system, including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, Multiple Sclerosis and Spinal Cord Injury.
Molecular Diagnostics is a branch of medicine that detects, identifies, or quantifies a sample's target nucleic acid sequence. It diagnoses neurological disorders such as Parkinson's and Huntington's disease by identifying specific mutations in their genes that cause these diseases or by looking at differences in chromosomes between healthy individuals and those with these diseases.
A Memory Clinic is a team of Neurologists, Psychologists, and Neuropsychologists who work together to diagnose and treat patients experiencing memory problems. The clinic offers early diagnosis and treatment to stop deterioration in Dementia along with identifying disorders that might be contributing to Dementia.
A Stroke is a neurological disorder that affects the brain. There are two types of strokes: ischemic and hemorrhagic. Ischemic strokes result from a stoppage in blood flow to the brain due to a clot or blockage. Hemorrhagic strokes occur when an artery bursts or ruptures, causing bleeding into the brain.
Hemorrhagic strokes are rarer than ischemic ones and tend to have more severe symptoms requiring more aggressive treatment. A hemorrhagic stroke can also cause permanent brain damage if not treated quickly enough.
Ischemic strokes are more common than hemorrhagic ones, but they also carry risks. An ischemic stroke can lead to other problems like paralysis or altered mental function, so it is essential for people who experience symptoms like weakness on one side of their body or loss of vision after an ischemic event to seek treatment as soon as possible.
Stroke treatment includes medications and surgery, depending on the cause and severity of the StrokeStroke.
Treatment may include medications if the StrokeStroke causes permanent damage or loss of function. However, suppose there is significant bleeding inside the skull after a hemorrhagic stroke. In that case, surgery removes pieces of skull bone or repairs damaged blood vessels to stop more bleeding while allowing for better cerebrospinal fluid drainage.
Neuro Intensive Care
Neuro Intensive Care is a subspecialty of Critical Care Medicine that focuses on treating patients with neurological disorders. It is an interdisciplinary approach to patient care involving physicians such as Neurologists, Neurosurgeons, and Intensivists.
Neuro Intensive Care aims to provide the best possible treatment for patients with neurological problems. Neurointensive care can treat various nervous system disorders by combining medical and surgical treatments with nursing care and other supportive therapies.
Manipal Hospitals is the finest neurology hospital in Kharadi, Pune, with world-class facilities like:
Adult Neurology Services
Neuro Intensive Care
Nerve Conduction Studies (NCS)
Paediatric Neurology Services
Acute Management of Stroke
Cerebrovascular Diseases Care
Paediatric and Adult Epilepsy Care
Neuromuscular Diseases Treatment
Management of Parkinson's Disease and related disorders
Management of Alzheimer's Disease and other conditions of Cognition
Management of Multiple Sclerosis and other Demyelinating Disorders
After gathering general information about the patient's health the Neurologist will review the patient's medical history, and do a complete physical examination. Then the doctor might order tests for your vision, smell odors and hear sounds, coordination, memory, strength, reflexes, ability to feel physical objects, reasoning, and puzzle-solving abilities.
A neurologist is a highly trained specialist who treats conditions of the brain, Spinal cord, nerves, and muscles.
Stroke, migraine, Parkinson’s disease, Epilepsy, Alzheimer’s disease, Muscular Dystrophies and Peripheral Neuropathy are some common conditions in this vast and complex field.
The Neurologist at the best neuro hospital in Kharadi Pune will review your symptoms in-depth and ask you about any associated medical conditions that you may have. He will then proceed to do a detailed examination including a thorough assessment of the nervous system. The neurologist may order some investigations to arrive at a definitive diagnosis. Thereafter the plan of management, prognosis, and follow-up visits will be discussed with you at length.
Rapid advances in the understanding of neurological disorders have translated into a highly effective treatment for almost all neurological conditions. Rapid strides in neuro-diagnostics have enabled early diagnosis and vastly improved outcomes. To know more, visit the neuro hospital in Kharadi Pune.
There are medications available to manage symptoms and slow down disease progression. However, these medications do not cure or prevent diseases like Parkinson's and Alzheimer's. Get the finest treatment at the best neurology hospital in Kharadi Pune.
The main difference between Dementia and general forgetfulness is that Dementia is a progressive disease that will get worse over time, while general forgetfulness is a temporary condition that many things can cause.
However, some tell-tale signs of Dementia can help determine the requirement of medical advice. These include:
Memory loss that disrupts daily life
Challenges with language (such as speaking, understanding words or sentences, or writing)
Problems with thinking or reasoning (such as math problems)
No, brain surgery is not the only treatment option for neurological diseases. Most neurological disorders do not require surgery at all. Some treatments include Medication, Physical Therapy, Speech Therapy, and even Exercise. Consult with the best doctors at the top neuro hospital in Kharadi Pune.
Adults can improve their memory using the following ways.
Stay physically active, as staying active promotes healthy circulation throughout the body and prevents conditions like Dementia and Alzheimer's disease.
Diet rich in Omega-3 fatty improves memory and reduces the risk of developing Dementia or Alzheimer's disease.
Fruits and vegetables rich in antioxidants protect against damage caused by free radicals in the body.
A good sleep routine helps the brain in restorative processes like cell repair and growth.
Learning new skills like a language adds new brain connections and memory.
Contact us to know more about neurological problems, and book an appointment with one of our Neurology specialists today.