What are Orthopaedic Conditions?
Orthopaedic conditions are a broad term that refers to any disorder of the musculoskeletal system, including the bones, joints, and ligaments. They can result from injuries or illnesses that affect the musculoskeletal system.
Common orthopaedic conditions include:
Arthritis causes inflammation in the joints.
Many different types of Arthritis exist, including Rheumatoid Arthritis, Osteoarthritis, and Gouty Arthritis.
Arthritis can also cause pain in other parts of the body, such as the spine or neck.
It is a fracture when a bone breaks from an impact or bumps or gradually from ageing or repetitive stress.
Pain, swelling and difficulty in moving are common symptoms of a fracture.
Bone Diseases are a group of diseases that affect the bones, including Osteoporosis, Paget's disease, and Osteomyelitis. Bone Diseases can be genetic or acquired. Genetic diseases include Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI), a disease characterised by brittle bones that break easily. Acquired diseases include Paget's disease, characterised by abnormal bone growths and excessive bone reabsorption.
Osteoporosis results from a lack of Vitamin D, Calcium deficiency, or excessive use of Corticosteroids. Osteomyelitis is an infection that causes inflammation of the bone and can lead to amputation if not treated properly. Visit our best ortho hospital in Pune to have the best treatment.
Manipal Hospitals has the finest Orthopaedic doctors in Kharadi and offers treatment for all Orthopaedic conditions, including:
Damaged Knee Joint
Damaged Hip Joint
Compromised Soft Tissues
Congenital Muscular Torticollis
Elbow/ Wrist Deformity
Radial Ray Anomalies
Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease of Hip
Congenital Coxa Vara
Leg Length Discrepancy
Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis
Knee/ Ankle Deformity
- Knee Injuries include:
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL)
Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL)
Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL)
Posterior lateral complex (PLC)
- Hip Injuries
- Shoulder Injuries
Rotator Cuff Injuries
Dislocation with Bone Loss
Damaged Humerus and Ulna
Dislocation with Fracture
Pain or Numbness
Rupture of Flexor and Extensor Tendon
Curved Fingers Correction
Foot and Ankle
Torn or Damaged Achilles Tendon
Recurrent Ankle Sprains
Cancer of Bones and Muscles
X-rays are a diagnostic tool for evaluating orthopaedic conditions, such as Fractures and Arthritis. They can also be used to assess lung and abdominal conditions. High energy beams pass through the body on a particular film plate or another recording medium to generate X-ray images.
X-rays are widely used in medicine because they are relatively safe and easy to use.
A CT scan combines X-rays and computer processing to produce cross-sectional images (often called "slices") of the body, including the bones and soft tissues.
CT scans diagnose orthopaedic conditions, such as Joint Injuries or Stress Fractures. A CT scan can determine whether a patient has fractures in the bones of the spine or pelvis.
The table with the patient slides into a tube-like scanner. The scanner obtains X-rays from different angles. A computer uses these images to create 3D pictures of the inside of the body, allowing doctors to see bones in greater detail than traditional x-rays, which only show bone shapes.
MRI creates images of organs and structures within the body using magnetic waves. The MRI process allows physicians to view soft tissues without ionising radiation, which can help diagnose orthopaedic conditions such as Arthritis and Tendonitis.
Electromyography (EMG) measures the electrical currents produced during muscle contraction. When a person exercises, the muscle fibres produce tiny electrical signals. The EMG machine captures these signals to help diagnose various orthopaedic conditions.
EMG works by placing small needle electrodes on the skin over suspected muscle or nerve damage areas. These electrodes detect tiny electrical impulses produced by the muscles and nerves. If areas of damage are detected, those areas will show up as abnormal results on the computer screen.
- Intra Articular Injection
Intra Articular Injection involves injecting medication into the joint. The medication can be a steroid, anaesthetic, or both to treat conditions such as Arthritis or Bursitis. It can also help with conditions like Tennis Elbow or Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. To know more about intra-articular injection treatment in Kharadi, visit Manipal Hospitals.
The doctor typically does the injection with the help of an X-ray machine or fluoroscope to guide them in placing the needle inside the joint.
Cast removal is a treatment for orthopaedic conditions that uses casts to immobilise and support an injury.
Cast removal may be necessary if the patient has a broken bone or torn ligament, but many different factors determine when it is time to remove the cast.
Laminectomy is a surgical procedure that removes part of the lamina—the fibrous tissue that connects two vertebrae. The procedure treats orthopaedic conditions, such as Spinal Stenosis or spinal Arthritis.
The most common approach is a Posterior Laminectomy, which involves removing the lamina's portion behind the vertebrae, allowing more space in the spinal canal and making it easier for surgeons to visualise and access the spine.
An Anterior Laminectomy is a less common approach involving removing portions of the lamina's front and back when tumours grow on or near the spine or repeated surgeries have failed to resolve symptoms caused by degenerative conditions like Osteoarthritis or Scoliosis.
Osteotomy involves the cutting of bone to correct deformities in the shape of bones or joints, as well as to improve stability and motion in joints. It can also repair a broken bone or help reconstruct parts of the body lost due to injury or amputation.
Pinched Nerves can be extremely painful, and their treatment should be under the guidance of an Orthopaedic surgeon.
Pinching of a nerve can result from swelling of an area around the nerve, an injury to that area, or even certain diseases such as diabetes. The neck, back and shoulders are common impact areas.
The doctor may recommend physical therapy or other treatments to help ease the pain.
- Herniated Discs Treatment
Herniated Discs are the most common type of back pain. The pain typically occurs in the lower back and may radiate down the legs. It can result from factors including age, trauma, and occupation.
An MRI diagnoses Herniated Disc. Conservative treatments include physical therapy and steroid injections. These methods help reduce inflammation and increase mobility. Surgery is also an option for some patients with severe Herniated Discs. Looking for Herniated disc treatment hospital in Kharadi? visit Manipal Hospitals.
Athletes seek medical attention if the pain from sports injuries does not disappear after resting. The most common sports injuries include soft tissue injuries, such as Ligament Sprains, Muscle Tears, and Bone Fractures.
Some common sports injury symptoms include pain, swelling, bruising, stiffness and difficulty moving.
Treatment may include physiotherapy, medications and surgery.
Total Knee Replacement replaces the patient's damaged knee joint with an artificial joint. The procedure treats pain, deformity and loss of function due to Osteoarthritis by removing and replacing the damaged bone and cartilage with metal, plastic and synthetic materials. This type of surgery treats patients who are not responding well to other treatments for their Osteoarthritis or if there is evidence that their condition will worsen over time.
Total Hip Replacement uses artificial parts to replace the ball and socket of the hip joint. Osteoarthritis, characterised by a breakdown of the cartilage, is the main reason that covers the ends of the bones, causing pain, stiffness and loss of joint function.
Total Hip Replacement involves breaking the bone in the thigh (femur) and removing and replacing the damaged joint with an artificial joint.
- Primary Complex Hip and Knee Replacement Surgery
Primary Complex Hip and Knee Replacement Surgery replaces the entire joint. It helps patients who have suffered a traumatic injury or have an infection in their joints.
The cause of Primary Complex Hip and Knee Replacement Surgery is typically a traumatic injury or infection in the joint, which can happen due to sports injuries, falls, car accidents, and other causes. The pain caused by these injuries can be debilitating for patients. Primary Complex Hip and Knee Replacement Surgery can help them regain mobility and quality of life.
Total Elbow Replacement replaces the entire elbow joint. It is common in older adults with Arthritis or Osteoarthritis. Arthritis occurs when joints become damaged due to inflammation and overuse. Osteoarthritis typically affects people over 50 years old, while Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) affects people between 20-50 years old.
Total Elbow Replacement removes any pain from bone or cartilage damage within an arthritic joint. It also helps patients regain function and mobility.
- Limb Deformity Correction
Limb Deformity Correction is a surgical procedure that corrects a limb deformed from birth or trauma. It involves the removal of damaged tissue and bone, replacing this tissue with new bone grafted from other parts of the body or a donor.
Physiotherapy is a treatment for patients who have been injured or are suffering from a disorder. It focuses on restoring movement and strength to the body and helping patients improve their overall quality of life.
Physiotherapy also treats many different injuries and disorders, including back pain.
Arthroplasty is the replacement of a joint surface and also repairs damaged joints.
The surgery uses an incision on either side of the joint by removing damaged bone and cartilage and inserting new parts made of metal or plastic. The surgery may use small incisions, allowing less pain and faster recovery.
Orthobiologics are treatment options for conditions such as Arthritis, Osteoporosis, and Spinal Stenosis. These treatments can be administered in several ways: injections, oral medications, and exercise therapy.
Orthobiologics is a drug that stimulates the body to grow new tissues and organs. They often treat bone injuries and diseases, including Osteoporosis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Bone Cancer.
Orthobiologics may use living cells or proteins produced in a lab or taken from animals or humans.
Cartilage Restoration treats damage to the cartilage in the body. The procedure involves removing damaged tissue and replacing it with healthy cartilage. Surgeons either transplant healthy tissue or use a synthetic material that mimics healthy cartilage.
- Joint Preservation Procedures
Joint Preservation Procedures prevent joint degeneration and preserve mobility. These procedures aim to reduce the pain and disability resulting from chronic joint degeneration.
There are several types of joint preservation procedures. One type involves a surgical procedure in which a synthetic material is placed inside the joint space to protect the articular cartilage from further damage. Another procedure involves injecting a steroid medication into the joint space, which helps reduce inflammation and swelling and relieves pain. Both procedures help patients with Osteoarthritis or Rheumatoid Arthritis.
Fracture Surgeries are standard procedures performed by Orthopaedic Surgeons to treat various conditions. Common fracture sites include the Clavicle, Tibia, Fibula and Femur.
Fracture Surgeries can be either open or closed. In an open procedure, surgeons make an incision to access the fracture site, while in a closed procedure, they work through small incisions made in the skin near the fracture site.
- Complex Articular Reconstructions
Complex Articular Reconstructions restore function and stability to the knee, hip, ankle and shoulder joints. These surgeries can improve mobility and functionality by repairing damaged cartilage or replacing it with grafts from other body parts.
There are two main techniques for Complex Articular Reconstructions: Microfracture Surgery and Osteochondral Autograft Transfer (OAT). Microfracture surgery uses a drill to make small holes in the damaged cartilage area, allowing blood to enter the space between bones and stimulating new tissue growth. The surgeon then removes any dead bone tissue that remains after the procedure. Book an appointment to consult with the experts.
OAT involves transferring healthy cartilage from another body part into the damaged area. This technique helps in a bone-on-bone condition or if a patient has had previous hip surgery that has failed to correct their condition.
- Salvage Procedures for Neglected Trauma
When a patient has neglected a fracture, there are several options for salvage. The first is fracture reduction involving reducing and stabilising the fracture with hardware.
The second method is the Open Reduction Internal Fixator (ORIF). It involves using screws and plates to hold the fractured bones together while they heal.
The third option for salvage is External Fixation (EF). EF involves placing pins into the bones through holes drilled in the skin and then attaching them to an external frame that keeps everything aligned while healing occurs.
Polytrauma is the term given to a patient who has suffered multiple injuries or one that affects multiple body areas, typically involving a sudden loss of consciousness with no memory. The most common cause of polytrauma is accidents, followed by burns, falls and acts of violence.
The most crucial aspect of polytrauma management is early recognition of the signs and symptoms.
Limb Preservation aims to avoid amputation. If a patient has suffered an injury severe enough to warrant amputation, surgeons may opt for limb preservation.
The goal of limb preservation is to give patients the best chance of keeping their limbs while allowing them access to medical care and treatment when needed.
- Oncological Reconstruction
Oncological Reconstruction restores the function of an organ after cancer treatment. The treatment can also reconstruct other body parts affected by cancer treatments.
- Sprengel Shoulder Surgery
Sprengel Shoulder Surgery is an orthopaedic procedure that corrects the alignment of the humeral head by removing damaged cartilage. The operation includes an incision on the front of the shoulder joint and removing damaged cartilage.
Torticollis is when the head leans to one side, and the neck muscles are tight on one side of the body. Birth trauma, injury to the neck, and abnormal muscle development may cause the condition.
There are two main types of torticollis: congenital and acquired. Congenital torticollis is present at birth, while acquired torticollis develops later in life.
Torticollis can cause pain and discomfort for people who have it. In
Torticollis Correction is possible with physical therapy or surgery as per the condition.