TAVI, percutaneous aortic valve implantation, percutaneous aortic valve replacement, or transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), is a minimally invasive heart procedure to treat the aortic valve stenosis disorder where the valve is too thickened to open fully. Due to valve stenosis, which cannot be fully open, the blood flow to the body is restricted, rising serious complications.
Why is the procedure performed?
Since the TAVI procedure is a minimally invasive procedure requiring a shorter hospital stay, this acts as a replacement for open-heart aortic valve replacement surgery. TAVI reduces the symptoms of aortic valve stenosis like chest pain, fatigue, etc. Your doctor will discuss the best treatment for your medical condition along with the benefits and complications. TAVI procedure is recommended in the following cases:
Severe aortic stenosis
Abnormal biological tissue aortic valve
Where open-heart valve replacement surgery is too risky, the TAVI procedure is the best alternative.
Before the Procedure:
A trained specialist prepares the IV, which is placed into the forearm or hand to give sedative helping in patient to relax
Additional medication to prevent blood clots and infection might also be given through IV
The TAVI or TAVR procedure is performed to replace the damaged aortic valve.
Usually, the replacement is made with a cow or pig heart tissue (biological tissue valve)
TAVR is a minimally invasive heart procedure where patients can heal faster with fewer wounds and shorter hospital stays, unlike surgical aortic valve replacement requiring long incision down the chest. To know more, Book an appointment at Manipal Hospitals.
The procedure is started by inserting a flexible tube known as a catheter into a blood vessel, generally in the groin or chest area.
The catheter is guided to the heart with the help of X-ray images or echocardiogram pictures helping the doctor place the catheter in the right position.
The abnormal valve is replaced with a replacement valve made from cow or pig tissue.
This replacement valve is passed through the catheter and placed in the aortic valve area.
To securely place the new valve into the right position, a balloon on the catheter tip is inflated, which presses the new valve into place.
Once the new valve is successfully placed into the right position, the catheter is removed.
Throughout the treatment, the patient is closely monitored concerning vitals, blood pressure rate, heart rate, heart rhythm, breathing, etc.
After the Procedure
The patient might need to spend the night in the ICU for close observation and monitoring. Your doctor will let you know the hospital stay time, which may vary from patient to patient. Before your discharge from the hospital, the treatment team will discuss how to care for your incisions and detect warning signs like fever, pain, swelling, bleeding, and oozing at the catheter area. Medications like blood thinners and antibiotics might be prescribed after the TAVR procedure.
After the successful TAVI procedure, patients can get relief from symptoms caused by aortic valve stenosis. The discomfort and pain also decrease after the procedure is performed. Following the process, the patient should stick to a healthy-heart lifestyle to recover fast and prevent further heart disorders. Following an excellent post-operative routine is essential, including adopting a balanced diet, maintaining a healthy weight and regular exercise routine, and avoiding the smoke. . Visit our cardiology hospital in Mysore for the best treatment.