Valvular Heart Disease

Valvular Heart Disease Treatment in Mysore

Heart valve disease or valvular heart disease refers to the failure of the functioning of heart valves. The heart contains four valves namely: Tricuspid valve, Pulmonary valve, Mitral valve, and Aortic valve. These valves which have leaflets or flaps will open and close once per heartbeat in an average healthy person. However, if any valves fail to open or close properly, heart valve diseases begin to occur as the blood flow is disrupted to your body through the heart. 

Some examples of Valvular heart conditions include-

  • Various heart valve problems include Regurgitation (valve leakage) - valve flaps not working properly; 

  • Stenosis (valve narrowing) – where valve flaps become thick and stiff;

  • Atresia – A solid sheet of tissue blocking blood flow between heart chambers.

 Heart valve diseases can also be witnessed in newborns which areknown as congenital heart valve disorders. 


The most common heart valve diseases include: 

  • Bicuspid aortic valve

  • Mitral valve stenosis

  • Aortic valve stenosis

  • Pulmonary stenosis

  • Barlow's syndrome or Mitral valve prolapse

These valvular heart diseases highly impact both Mitral and Aortic valves. Some of the most common heart valve diseases in older adults include Aortic stenosis (AS), tricuspid regurgitation, and mitral regurgitation (functional). 


The most common symptoms of heart valve disease include: 

  • Chest pain 

  • Dizziness 

  • Feeling short of breath 

  • Heart palpitations 

  • Abdominal pain due to an enlarged liver 

  • Fatigue 

  • Low or high BP 

  • Swelling of leg 

  • Heart murmur 

Mild or moderate heart valve disease may not show any symptoms. Regular diagnosis helps in finding symptoms at an early stage and proper care. Visit our cardiology hospital in Mysore immediately in case of witnessing any symptoms. 


The most widely witnessed causes of valvular heart disease include: 

  • Congenital disorders

  • Ageing 

  • Heart valve infection

  • Heart attack

  • Coronary artery disorder 

  • Myxomatous degeneration

  • Syphilis (STI) 

  • Medica history 

  • Other Heart risk factors 


A heart valve disease is often found by doctors through a stethoscope while hearing the heartbeat of the patient where the heart beating is abnormal. Diagnosis is vital at this step to detect the type of heart valve disease and the extent of valve damage. Common diagnostic solutions for heart valve disease are as follows: 

  • ECG 

  • Echo 

  • Chest X-ray 

  • Cardiac catheterisation 

  • MRI 

  • Transoesophageal Echocardiogram (TEE) 


Here, in heart valve diseases, treatment is no cure for the valve disease. However, treatment with certain medications for preventing heart rhythm abnormality and lifestyle changes can lessen the impact of symptoms contributing to a healthy heart lifestyle. 


While in some cases, only close observation is needed along with medication, surgery can be the best option for special situations. Heart valve surgery is performed to either repair or replaces the abnormal valves. Three types of surgeries are available such as: 

  • Heart Valve Repair

Here, the patient’s tissues are used to repair abnormal valves, including remodelling the valve tissue and inserting prosthetic rings to help narrow a dilated valve. Book an appointment to have the best treatment.

  • Heart Valve Replacement

Where the heart valves are seriously destroyed or malformed, this surgical procedure is to replace with a new valve. The replacement valves can range from animal valves to human aortic and mechanical valves. 

  • Balloon Valvuloplasty

Commonly used to treat pulmonary and aortic stenosis, this is a non-surgical and minimally invasive way to treat abnormal valves.

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