A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye, which can cause vision loss and other problems. The lens is a transparent structure behind the iris and pupil that focuses light onto the retina, allowing us to see. In a healthy eye, the lens is clear and transparent, but in a person with a cataract, the lens becomes cloudy or opaque, which can interfere with the passage of light and cause vision problems.
Cataracts are a common cause of vision loss, especially in older adults. They can develop slowly over time, and may initially cause only mild vision changes. However, as the cataract progresses, it can cause more significant vision loss and other problems, such as glare and halos around lights, double vision, or changes in color perception.
The pre-procedure for cataract surgery in Mysore typically involves some or all the following steps:
The patient will be asked to provide a complete medical history and any current medications they are taking. This is important for the ophthalmologist to understand any underlying health conditions or medications that may affect the safety and success of the surgery.
The patient's eyes will be thoroughly examined to assess the eye's health and the cataract's severity. This may include tests such as a visual acuity test, a tonometry test to check for glaucoma, and a slit-lamp examination to assess the eye's health.
The ophthalmologist will explain the cataract surgery procedure to the patient and answer any questions they may have. This will include information about the type of artificial intraocular lens (IOL) that will be used, the potential risks and benefits of the surgery, and what to expect during and after the procedure.
The ophthalmologist will discuss the patient's goals for vision after cataract surgery and help them choose the best type of IOL to meet their needs.
The patient will be instructed on how to prepare for the surgery by avoiding certain medications or activities that could interfere with the procedure. They may also be asked to arrange transportation to and from the surgery center.
Cataract surgery typically involves the following steps: The ophthalmologist will first numb the eye with anesthetic drops and then make a minor incision to access the lens. The cloudy lens is removed using specialized instruments, and the artificial intraocular lens (IOL) is carefully placed in the eye. After the IOL is in place, the ophthalmologist will close the incision with stitches or other methods and then apply a protective shield or bandage to the eye. The entire procedure typically takes less than an hour to complete and is performed on an outpatient basis, so the patient can go home the same day. After the surgery, the patient will need to follow the ophthalmologist's instructions for post-operative care and attend follow-up appointments as scheduled to ensure a successful outcome.
After the surgery, the patient will be taken to a recovery area to be monitored for a few hours before being discharged. The ophthalmologist will provide instructions for post-operative care, which may include using prescribed eye drops, avoiding activities that could strain the eye, and avoiding contact with individuals who have infections that could be transmitted to the eye. The patient may also be given pain medication to manage any discomfort. Most patients can return to normal activities within a few days after cataract surgery, and visual improvements are typically noticeable within a few weeks. Consulting with specialists is the best way to get cataract treatment in Mysore.