Bone Flap Surgery/Craniotomy is a type of brain surgery. A portion of the skull, or cranium, must be removed to access the brain. When the procedure is completed, the bone is replaced. Typically, a craniotomy is used to repair aneurysms and remove brain malignancies.
You'll meet with your neurosurgeon for one or more preparatory appointments to prepare for the procedure. Several tests will determine whether you can have the surgery done safely, and this includes a physical examination, blood testing, neurological examination, and brain imaging (CT or MRI).
Your doctor will also choose the surgical location depending on your health and the kind of craniotomy you require. You won't be allowed to eat after midnight the night before your procedure. Additionally, you should shampoo your hair with an antibacterial shampoo.
Depending on your health, the physician could recommend additional preparations.
You will take off your garments and valuables before the procedure. You'll be asked to dress in a hospital gown.
On the operation table, you can either sit or lie down. The position is based on which region of the brain is being treated. Your head will be secured with headgear.
Your medical staff will then:
1. Place an intravenous (IV) line in your hand or arm.
2. place a catheter in your bladder to drain urine
3. provide general anaesthesia
Your operator will shave the hair from the area to be treated after the anaesthetic puts you to sleep. To lower the danger of infection, they will sanitise the region.
On your scalp, your physician will create a cut, and they will use a surgical drill and saw to extract the so-called bone flap.
The surgeon will then dissect the dura mater to access the brain. The brain's exterior membrane is called the dura mater.
Your surgeon will carry out the treatment and might also need to extract tissue samples for the same. To know more, consult with our experts roday.
There are various kinds of craniotomy surgeries. The type of surgery employed will depend upon the location and suitability of the process.
Stereotactic craniotomy,Endoscopic craniotomy,Keyhole craniotomy,Pteronial craniotomy,Bifrontal craniotomy , Translabyrinthine craniotomy
The tissue will be sewn back together after the treatment. Wires, sutures, or plates will replace the bone flap.
The small cut made on the skin will then be stitched or fastened, followed by your doctor's application of a clean bandage.
The entire process can take about 2 1/2 hours.
Depending on the procedure, recovery may vary. Here is how it typically appears:
The day following surgery
When the treatment is over, you will be transferred to the recovery or acute care room. As you awaken, nurses will check your vital signs.
Once your vital signs are stabilised, you will be brought to your hospital room. Expect to spend around a week in the hospital
Your healthcare professionals will most likely:
For many days, raise your head to reduce swelling and get oxygen.
Teach you how to breathe deeply to avoid pneumonia
To avoid blood clots, use compression tools on your limbs.
Your bladder will continue to hold the urine catheter for many days.
Your medical team will regularly do neurological examinations to ensure your body and brain are operating normally. Your doctor will schedule routine checkups to make sure you are healing correctly. Visit Manipal Hospitals for plastic and cosmetic surgery treatment in Mysore.