Preventing Long-Term Complications of Diabetes

Posted On Nov 21, 2022

Dr. Mohan Y Badgandi

Consultant - Diabetes & Endocrinology

Manipal Hospitals-Jayanagar, Bengaluru

Diabetes centre in Bangalore

Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar or glucose in the blood. There are two types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, while type 2 diabetes is more common in older adults.

A large percentage of people with diabetes develop some form of long-term complication from their diabetes. Diabetes can cause complications in every organ system in the body, causing heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, eye problems (retina), and nerve damage. People with diabetes are also at a higher risk for developing certain infections due to reduced blood flow in the legs and feet. These complications can lead to serious health problems resulting in poor quality of life and can even cause death. Visit Manipal Hospitals for diabetes treatment in Old Airport Road, Bangalore.

Type 2 diabetes is initially silent for the first 2-3 years. During this time, the complications of poor control start affecting the organs. More than 50% of patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes show one or two symptoms or no symptoms at all at the time of diagnosis. But they can have complications affecting their quality of life and earning capacity. There are various artificial risk factors such as hypertension (high BP), dyslipidaemia (high cholesterol & high triglycerides), smoking, weight gain, and physical inactivity that aggravate and accelerate organ dysfunction. Therefore, it is important to look at diabetic patients holistically and provide diabetic care on time. 

Preventing Diabetes & its Long-Term Effects

If you have diabetes, it is important to keep your blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol under control to help prevent long-term complications. 

Early initiation of insulin protects all the organs

Insulin is a hormone and it has no side effects. It can be used as a treatment therapy for children, young adults, senior citizens, and women during pregnancy. Insulin prevents long-term complications of diabetes by helping to control blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels can damage organs and cause problems with blood pressure and cholesterol. Insulin promotes glucose uptake into cells, which helps control blood sugar levels and can prevent or delay the onset of these complications.

There are a few other mechanisms by which insulin prevents long-term complications of diabetes. It helps to keep lipid levels in the blood in check, which can help to prevent atherosclerosis. Additionally, insulin has anti-inflammatory effects and can help to protect cells and tissues from damage. All of these mechanisms work together to help reduce the risk of long-term complications, such as heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, and nerve damage, from developing or worsening. Consult with a diabetologist in Old Airport Road, Bangalore. to avoid the risks and complications.

Other Factors:

It is important to note that while insulin is an important part of diabetes management, it is not the only factor. There are several ways to prevent long-term complications of diabetes. They include:

  • Following a healthy diet, 

  • Exercising regularly, 

  • Making lifestyle changes (avoid smoking, junk eating, etc.)

It is imperative to monitor blood sugar levels regularly and work with your healthcare team to create a comprehensive care plan that meets your individual needs. Please book an appointment with a Consultant – Diabetes & Endocrinology to get yourself checked and prepare a management plan for diabetes.

Dr. Mohan Y Badgandi

Consultant - Consultant - Diabetes & Endocrinology

Manipal Hospitals, Old Airport Road, Bangalore