Know all about Prostate Cancer: Causes, Risk Factors and Prevention

Posted On Nov 17, 2022

DR. YOGESH GARG

Consultant - Urology

Manipal Hospital-Patiala

Urology Hospital in Patiala

Prostate cancer is among the top ten cancers in India. It is a type of cancer that can only affect men, as it occurs in a gland called the prostate, which is part of the male reproductive system. Hence, It’s time we start caring for the men in our lives and tell them to take care. 

Prostate cancer impacts the prostate gland in the male human body. The prostate gland is a walnut-sized gland that makes an important part of the male reproductive system. This gland produces the seminal fluid, which acts as a nutrient and transport medium for the sperms. 

When an abnormal growth occurs in the prostate gland, it may be cancer. 

Cancer may be localized to the prostate gland, in such a case we call it benign cancer. It may spread to other parts of the body and it will be called malignant. Prostate cancer may not cause any noticeable signs or symptoms in its early stages.

Signs to watch out for in Prostate Cancer

  • Trouble urinating

  • Decreased force in the stream of urine

  • Blood in the urine

  • Blood in the semen

  • Bone pain 

  • Losing weight without trying

  • Erectile dysfunction

What causes Prostate cancer?

One may wonder, but much like all other types of cancers Prostate cancer is a disease of gradual progression. Through the years, abnormalities of the cells accumulate in the body. If left undiagnosed these can form cancerous tumors. When diagnosed at an early stage, this condition can be treated. There are a lot of risk factors that can lead to prostate cancer. Visit Manipal Hospitals, the urology hospital in Patiala to know more about the causes.

Risk factors

The factors that can increase your risk of prostate cancer are:

  • Advanced Age

Men above the age of 50 years are more prone to prostate cancer compared to their younger counterparts.

  • Race

Due to their genetic makeup, Black people have a greater risk of developing prostate cancer than people of other races.  

  • Family history

If a blood relative, such as a parent, sibling, or child, has been diagnosed with prostate cancer, your risk to develop prostate cancer increases. A family history of inherited cancers puts you in a high-risk pool.

  • Obesity

In obese people, cancer is more likely to be aggressive, and the chances of cancer going into remission are higher. Being overweight puts you at a greater risk for treatment-related complications. 

  • Lifestyle

A sedentary lifestyle with unhealthy habits and drug abuse can also lead to prostate cancer. 

Prevention from Prostate Cancer

Prevention is always better than cure. 

  • Choose a healthy diet

Include a rich variety of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains in your diet. Fruits and vegetables contain many vitamins and phytonutrients that can help keep up immunity and maintain good health.

  • Exercise

Exercise improves your overall health and well-being. Helps you maintain a healthy weight and improves overall mood and relaxation. Depending on your age and lifestyle, try including mild exercise in your schedule. 

  • Maintain a healthy body weight

If your current weight is healthy, work to maintain it by choosing a healthy diet and exercising regularly. Consult our experienced dieticians at Manipal Hospital, to improve your health and achieve your wellness goals.

  • Talk to your doctor about the increased risk of prostate cancer

If you fall in the at-risk category for prostate cancer, consult with your doctor for preventive care and management. Consult with our top urologist in Patiala to know more about the treatment procedure.

Regular Checkups Go for annual checkups with your doctor to timely detect and start treatment.

Dr. Yogesh Garg

Consultant - Urology

Manipal Hospitals, Patiala

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