Malaria: Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Malaria Treatment in Patiala

Introduction

Caused by a plasmodium parasite, malaria is a disease that is spread by the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. Malaria can cause life-threatening complications and death if these complications are overlooked or not treated timely. The disease can severely affect the liver and the person may take months to recover from it. Count on Manipal Hospitals for the treatment of malaria in Patiala. A consultation with our experienced physicians will be an opportunity for you to discuss all your concerns related to symptoms and have a second opinion over the course of treatment and post-malaria care. Continue to read further to learn more about the symptoms, facts and treatment of malaria. 

Symptoms of Malaria 

The malaria-causing parasites reside in a person’s liver from where they infuse into the bloodstream. Usually, Plasmodium falciparum, P. ovale, P. malariae and P. vivax are 4 types of malaria-causing parasites that infect humans. In some cases, the parasite may remain dormant in the liver for up to a year. A person in such a case would notice the symptoms only when the parasites become active and fuse into the bloodstream.

Mentioned below are some common symptoms of malaria: 

  • High fever 

  • Chills

  • Headache

  • Nausea 

  • Vomiting 

  • Diarrhoea 

  • Muscle or joint pain 

  • Fatigue 

  • Abdominal pain 

  • Difficulty in breathing 

All these or a combination of some of the above-listed symptoms may appear in 7 to 10 days after you have been bitten by the infected mosquito. A person may notice these symptoms in case of viral as well, hence a person has to undergo a few blood tests for the confirmation of parasites in the bloodstream. 

How Monsoon and Malaria Are Connected? 

The Anopheles mosquitoes are mainly found in hot and humid areas which act as favourable environmental conditions for them to breed. Globally, it has been observed that the cases of malaria see a steep rise during and post-monsoon in tropical and sub-tropical regions. Potholes and accumulation of water at various sites are common during and after rains, which are perfect breeding grounds for malaria-causing mosquitoes. This implies that one needs to be extra cautious during monsoon season.

Myths and Facts about Malaria 

There are many preconceived notions about malaria following which people seldom delay the treatment, overlook the symptoms, or opt for home remedies for the treatment which worsens the patient’s condition. Let’s have a look at some common myths and facts about the disease:

Myth 1 - Malaria spreading mosquitoes don’t bite in the dry season 

Although it is true that the mosquitoes are active during and post rains, this does not mean that they disappear during the summer season. Hence, even in summers, one is at risk of being bitten. 

Myth 2 - A person will not get infected the second time

No, a person can get infected multiple times. You may develop immunity for a short period but it will not last long. Thus it is imperative to take necessary precautions before stepping out or while being indoors. 

Myth 3 - Living in a posh colony or being in an air-conditioned room cuts the risk of malaria 

No, it does not. The possibility of getting infected depends on whether your area or your home has breeding sites. If your surroundings are clean and there are no breeding sites then the chances of you not getting infected are higher.

Precautions That You May Take to Prevent Malaria

Several efficient measures can help you prevent malaria. We have listed some very practical, useful and easy steps that you may take to protect yourself and your dear ones from mosquito bites. 

  • Use bednets 

  • Keep windows and doors closed

  • Apply mosquito repellent when in public places or around plants

  • Wear clothes that cover your arms and legs, especially after the rains 

  • Uncovered stagnant water sites such as pools should be managed properly as they can be a breeding ground for mosquitoes

Treatment of Malaria in Patiala

Early diagnosis of malaria can prevent deaths and will also avert further complications during the course of treatment and help you recover sooner. Antimalaria drugs are prescribed by the physicians based on the complications present if any. Connect with the experienced caregivers at Manipal Hospitals for the diagnosis or treatment of malaria in Patiala.

Visit the Internal Medicine Hospital in Patiala if you are looking for the best doctors for Malaria treatment in Patiala, the internists are experienced and focused on the care of adults emphasizing the use of the best medical science available in caring for patients.

 

Dr. Yadvarinder Bath

Senior Consultant - Internal Medicine

Manipal Hospitals, Patiala

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