The Cardiovascular System
The cardiovascular system covers the complete cycle of blood, lungs to the heart and back, supplying oxygen, nutrients and hormones to muscles, tissues and organs throughout the body. The system works in a circulatory rhythm getting the name circulatory system. Here are the critical steps of the cardiovascular system:
The heart sends blood that is low in oxygen to the lungs via arteries.
Lungs add oxygen to the blood cells.
Viens carry oxygen-rich blood back to the heart.
The heart starts to pump blood to the entire body via arteries.
The blood distributes and collects nutrients, hormones, and waste products throughout the body.
The deoxygenated blood journeys back to the heart along with carbon dioxide.
The heart re-sends blood to the lungs.
Lungs remove carbon dioxide every time we exhale.
Diseases in The Cardiovascular System
Cardiology deals with ailments impacting the cardiovascular system. The most commonly faced disorders are:
Plaques or the deposit of fats and additional substances because excess cholesterol and sugar choke the arteries. Reduced artery size increases blood clotting increasing the chances of a stroke and other ailments.
As the blood pressure rises, it hits the walls of the arteries, making them rigid. Less elasticity reduces the blood and oxygen in the heart, which increases the risk of several diseases impacting the cardiovascular system. Keep a regular check of blood pressure. For further assistance, visit our heart specialist hospital in Patiala.
It can be fatal when a tear in the artery wall happens because of irregular blood pressure or other reasons.
When blood clots or plaque in veins restricts the blood movement to the heart, it may result in long-term health conditions related to the cardiovascular system.
Facts About The Cardiovascular System
The average heart size is the size of an adult's fist.
A heart continues to beat even when removed from the body.
When we sneeze, the heart changes its rhythm.
An average man's heart is heavier than the heart of an average woman.
The best cardiologists in Patiala stress test the patients by making them walk on the treadmill. The test reveals blood flow observations as the heart starts to pump faster.
Top heart hospital in Patiala- Manipal Hospitals uses ECG to observe the electrical signals produced by the heart. ECG or electrocardiogram uses sensors connected to the skin.
Cardiologists study the heart's valves and chambers using sound waves that produce images of the heart. An echocardiogram is the report of choice for leading cardiology hospitals in India. To know more about echocardiogram treatment in Patiala, visit Manipal Hospitals.
Blood vessels undergo X-ray imaging to monitor any constraints in the blood flow.
The heart rhythms are monitored from 24 to 48 hours using a small device worn by the patient. Holter Procedure detects any irregular heartbeats.
Leading cardiologists in Patiala use FFR for precise blood pressure measurement. FFR also observes the blood flow in an exact part of the coronary artery.
Cardiologists use ultrasound waves to identify the size and placement of the stent using a picture of the tissue structures.
Top heart hospitals in Patiala observe the fat and cholesterol buildup around the artery walls using infrared light.
A catheter in the heart vein records electrical signals to uncover irregular heartbeats.
Leading cardiologists in Patiala observe the quality of oxygen by studying blood pressure to identify any chances of congenital heart disease.
Cardiac surgeons conduct surgery to close the chest cavity using a bypass procedure that pumps blood without passing via the heart.
The blood flow is redirected from a clogged artery to a healthy blood vessel using open heart surgery to open or widen arteries.
A tiny balloon is surgically implanted and inflated in the blocked spot of the artery to open blocked arteries. Angioplasty relieves patients from symptoms of heart diseases. To know more about coronary angioplasty treatment in Patiala, visit Manipal Hospitals.
Leading cardiac surgeons at Manipal Hospitals, Patiala, help patients by implanting a pacemaker or device that uses electrical signals to replicate heart rhythms.
Newborns and children need special attention for heart conditions. The expert paediatric cardiologists at Manipal Hospitals, Patiala, are known for their exceptional care in treating paediatric conditions. To know more about paediatric cardiology treatment in Patiala, visit Manipal Hospitals.
- Emergency Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
Cardiac surgeons use a catheter to open clogged blood vessels using a stent.