Diabetes Mellitus : The Risks, Care, Management and Medication

Posted On Jul 21, 2022

Dr. Sagarika Mukherjee

Consultant - Endocrinology-Diabetes, Thyroid Disorders,Pituitary & Adrenal problems, Growth Disorders, PCOD, Gestational Diabetes, Cholesterol Disorders, Obesity and Metabolic Medicine.

Manipal Hospital - Salt Lake

Diabetes Treatment in Kolkata

A metabolic disorder is very rampant now. Blood sugar levels are high and associated with cholesterol disorder and high blood pressure. 

If Diabetes mellitus is left untreated it will result in 

  • Diabetic Retinopathy (Serious problems with vision)

  • Diabetic Nephropathy

  • Kidney disorder

  • Neuropathy (Nerve Disorder) 

And the chance of brain stroke and heart attack increases. Different types of diabetes are: 

  • Type 1

  • Type 2

  • Gestational Diabetes

The disease is mainly characterized by persistent hyperglycaemia due to impaired insulin secretion, showing resistance to peripheral actions of insulin or both. Almost half of the population across the globe remains undiagnosed with diabetes, which accounts for some complexities at the time of diagnosis. There is much more to be managed in diabetes, ranging from the daily care that the individuals provide themselves to the lab tests and visiting the healthcare team. Book an appointment today at Manipal Hospitals for Diabetes Treatment in Kolkata.

Diabetes care among the patients

The dedication to adapting to a diabetes treatment plan must be constant. Appropriate care reduces the risk of any severity associated with life-threatening complications in diabetes. The care measures for diabetes are explained below:

  • Making commitment towards management of diabetes

The members of the diabetes care team, mainly the primary care provider, diabetes care, education specialist, and dietician, help in understanding the basic importance of diabetes care. Making the choice of healthy eating and carrying out physical activity is a part of one’s daily life. Maintaining a healthy weight is considered important. Regular monitoring of the blood sugar and following the instructions recommended by the healthcare provider helps in effectively managing the blood sugar level. Medications should be taken as per the recommendation.

  • Quitting smoking and limiting alcohol consumption

The individual should avoid smoking or quit smoking as smoking increases the risk of type 2 diabetes and the risk of other diabetes-related complications such as reduced blood flow in legs and feet results in several types of infections, worsening of blood sugar control, the occurrence of heart-related disease, stroke, eye disease, nerve damage, kidney disease, and the chances of premature death. In such cases, one should always communicate with their doctors to help them quit smoking and using other types of tobacco. Alcohol often causes high or low blood sugar, depending upon the amount being consumed. If drinking is chosen, it should be done in moderation.

  • Keeping the cholesterol level and blood pressure under control

High blood pressure increases the risk of damaging the blood vessels, and high cholesterol levels have even more severe concerns if the person has diabetes. The chances of heart attack and stroke increase. Therefore, eating a healthy, low-fat, and low-sodium diet, avoiding excessive alcohol consumption, and exercising regularly helps in controlling high blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Prescribed medication by the healthcare team is recommended.

  • Scheduling regular physical and eye examination

Individuals should schedule 2-4 diabetes check-ups every year along with yearly physical and routine eye examinations. The eye care specialists will check the signs of retinal damage, cataracts, and glaucoma due to diabetes, and physical examination will include check-ups for nutrition and activity level along with any diabetes-related complications. Consult with our Endocrinologist in Kolkata to know more.

  • Management of medication

Medications help in lowering the blood sugar level, either alone or in combination with other types of medicines. People with type 1 diabetes use insulin, while people suffering from type 2 diabetes adopt treatment plans involving healthy eating and regular exercise with the intake of oral medications, and some may also use insulin. The doctor recommends the syringes as per the capacity of the insulin dose that the patient is taking. The smaller capacity syringes are easier to read depending upon the insulin dose taken by the diabetic patient.

  • Considering a daily aspirin

If an individual is suffering from diabetes along with other risk factors such as smoking or high blood pressure, a low dose of aspirin is recommended by doctors to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke. The recommendation for taking aspirin, or not taking it on a daily basis, is recommended by the healthcare provider.

  • Avoiding stress

Being stressed results in avoiding the usual diabetes care routine. Hence, stress should be managed among diabetic patients. Prioritizing the tasks and learning relaxation techniques help in the management of stress in diabetic patients. Also, taking enough sleep and staying positive is important in effective stress management.

Dr. Sagarika Mukherjee

Consultant- Endocrinology

Manipal Hospitals, Salt Lake, Kolkata

Diabetes Mellitus : The Risks, Care, Management and Medication