This minimally invasive procedure is performed for treating patients with obstructive coronary artery disease. This procedure is a combination of angioplasty and stenting that opens/widens blocked/narrowed coronary arteries and restores the flow of blood from the heart. In case of acute heart attacks (myocardial infarctions), in which one of the major arteries of the heart is blocked, PCI is performed as an emergency treatment as it is considered to be a good invasive alternative to bypass grafts.
The time taken to conduct an emergency PCI in patients who have suffered a severe heart attack is of critical importance for the survival of the patient. The procedure involves the use of a thin, flexible tube called a catheter to insert a stent inside a clogged blood vessel that is blocked because of atherosclerosis (fatty plaque formation). A small puncture is made in the arm or the groin, and this is followed by the insertion of an inflatable balloon catheter for treating the blockage. This procedure is usually coupled with stenting in which the metal alloy mesh is inserted inside the artery for keeping it open and to prevent recurrent blockage. To achieve this, two types of stents are used:
Bare-metal stents are made up of metal and not coated with medicines.
A drug-eluting stent that contains medicine that is released slowly for preventing the clogging of the coronary artery.
Emergency Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) in Kolkata is available at Manipal Hospital, it helps in controlling irregular heartbeats to protect against heart rhythm disorders. Book an appointment at one of the best heart hospitals in Kolkata and receive world-class treatment under the supervision of highly experienced cardiac specialists.