Biopsies: Uses, Types And What To Expect
Department of Interventional Radiology
3 Min Read
Jan 09, 2023
Interventional Radiology (IR) is a specialised field in radiology where image guidance is used to perform a wide range of minimally invasive procedures. Interventional radiologists are specialist doctors who are extensively trained in both diagnostic and interventional radiology. They have expertise in interpreting medical images, diagnosing and treating various types of medical conditions, and performing a wide range of IR procedures. These procedures are mostly minimally invasive that is performed through a tiny incision. Compared to the traditional open surgeries, these procedures are equally effective, less risky, less painful, offer speedy recovery, shorter hospitalization, and improved outcomes. With recent technological advances and innovations, interventional radiology procedures have become the first option in treating many conditions.
We at Manipal hospital have a group of committed and dedicated interventional radiologists with vast expertise in this field. Our interventional radiologists collaborate with a multidisciplinary team of doctors and have performed several minimally invasive procedures with excellent outcomes over several years. We are part of large multidisciplinary groups in our hospitals, continuously improving patient care and outcomes. We use advanced and innovative technology to perform various interventional radiology procedures to provide world-class, patient-centric, comprehensive care.
Interventional oncology is now considered the fourth pillar of oncology. This is a fast-growing field where minimally invasive diagnostic and interventional procedures are performed.
Interventional radiology is used in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions of the kidney.
Interventional pulmonology uses minimally invasive procedures with imaging guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of the conditions of the respiratory system.
Interventional radiologists use image guidance (ultrasound, CT scan, etc) for the extraction of tissue samples from tumours, drainage of fluids collections.
Varicose veins: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA), endovenous laser treatment (EVLT) and Sclerotherapy are performed for treating varicose veins. Sclerotherapy of venous malformation.Port-a-cath insertion. Venous sampling for the diagnosis of disorders of the parathyroid, adrenal and pituitary gland lesions.
Uterine artery embolization for treating fibroids: This is a well established, safe and effective procedure for women with fibroids who wish to retain their uterus.Embolization for post-partum haemorrhage (PPH): This is performed as a life-saving procedure in women with heavy bleeding following delivery.
PTBD + Biliary Stent: Malignant obstructive jaundice managed by percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) and biliary stenting, especially in patients who are unable to undergo ERCP. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS): A tract is created by connecting the portal vein to the hepatic vein within the liver and a stent is placed.
Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), thoracic EVAR: Complex procedures performed to treat aortic aneurysms.
Embolization is a highly effective, minimally invasive process of managing abnormal bleeding or treatment of tumours. Some common procedures include arteriovenous malformation (AVM) embolization, gastrointestinal (GI) bleeder embolization, trauma embolization, embolization of renal angiomyolipoma (AML) or tumour embolization, splenic artery embolization,…
Nephrostomy, Antegrade ureteric stent insertion: When the kidney or ureter are blocked, a passageway for urine is created usually in stone disease or cancer.Transplant ureteric stent insertion/exchange: Ureteral stent insertion or exchange is performed in renal transplant patients.
Treatments and Procedures