Steps Towards Organ Transplant
Department of Organ Transplant
Dec 27, 2019
We have only one life but if we’re lucky, we can have a second chance to live a better life, thanks to legal organ transplant and angelic donors. Manipal Hospitals rises to the occasion to provide those who need new organs, the hope of a new life. Our transplant surgeons at the Centre of Excellence of Organ Transplantation are a notch above in this niche and highly distinguished domain. Multi-organ transplant is our forte especially liver transplant, and our team of prolific surgeons are the best in this class.
Manipal Hospitals' organ transplant program is one of the largest of its kind in the country. The organ transplantation program hosts a team of surgeons, doctors, nurses and other health professionals, who take care of the patient and the patient's family through the transplant process. Manipal Hospitals provide quality care focused on the individual needs of a patient. Hosting comprehensive expertise under one roof, focused on the patient makes the patient not just get one opinion but multi-disciplinary team work.
A heart transplant is a surgery to remove the diseased heart from a person and replace it with a healthy one from an organ donor. To remove the heart from the donor, two or more healthcare providers must declare the donor brain-dead. Before you can be put on a waiting list for a heart transplant, a cardiologist makes the decision that this is the best…
The liver is one of the most complex organs playing an important role in the quality of life. Liver transplantation restores a better quality of life and helps patients in living healthy. A pancreas transplant is surgery to implant a healthy pancreas from a donor into a person with diabetes. Pancreas transplants give the person a chance to stop taking…
Sometimes it may be necessary to do multi-organ transplants since the liver or kidneys may be affected by a diseased heart. Heart-liver, heart-lung, and heart-kidney transplants are performed when replacing the heart alone may not be enough to save the patient.
Gastrointestinal (GI) cancer is the group of cancers that affect the gastrointestinal tract and other organs that are contained within the digestive system, including the oesophagus, pancreas, stomach, colon, rectum, anus, liver, biliary system, and small intestine. In earlier days, surgery was a unanimous option and considered the chief curative treatment…
In a kidney transplant surgery, a healthy kidney is transplanted from a healthy donor when the patient's kidneys no longer function. Kidney transplant is usually the last and only option for those suffering from end-stage renal failure and have been on haemodialysis. The end-stage renal disease occurs when kidneys lose 90 percent of their normal functional…
Hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) surgery involves surgery of liver, pancreas, bile ducts and gall bladder. HPB surgeries involve liver resections for liver cancer and other metastatic liver cancers, bile duct cancers, gall bladder cancers surgery, surgery for pancreatic cancer, Whipple’s resection. Surgeries for benign liver disease as stones in the…
A highly niche and complex surgery extending up to almost 5-6 hours, the Whipple procedure, or pancreaticoduodenectomy, is the most common surgery to remove tumors in the pancreas. This type of surgery involves not only the removal but also the reconstruction of a large part of the gastrointestinal tract.
The spleen is an organ that is located under your rib cage on the upper left side of your abdomen. It helps fight infection and filters waste material such as old or damaged blood cells from your blood. Splenectomy is a surgical procedure to remove your spleen. This is done when the spleen is ruptured, becomes cancerous, contracts idiopathic thrombocytopenic…
Oesophagectomy is a surgical procedure to remove part of the esophagus which is located between your mouth and stomach, and then reconstruct it using some or all of another organ usually the stomach. Gastrectomy is the removal of part or all of the stomach. The types of gastrectomy include partial gastrectomy which is the removal of a part of the stomach,…
Most of the time, oesophagectomy is done to treat cancer of the esophagus. A gastrectomy is often used to treat stomach cancer . There are two types of surgeries - Open gastrectomy is where a large cut is made in your stomach or chest, and keyhole surgery (laparoscopic gastrectomy) – where several smaller cuts are made and special surgical instruments…
Oesophagectomy poses risks that include infection, bleeding, cough, leakage from surgical connection of the esophagus and stomach, hoarseness, acid or bile reflux, respiratory complications, such as pneumonia and swallowing difficulties (dysphagia). Gastrectomy carries a risk of complications, such as infection, bleeding and leaking from the area that's…
Bowel incontinence can vary in severity from passing a small amount of feces when breaking wind to total loss of bowel control. It is common among women as a possible complication of pregnancy. Though not serious, sometimes surgery is the only option when other treatments have failed to treat an underlying condition. Most people need surgery to close…
Sphincteroplasty is a surgery to repair a damaged or weakened anal sphincter. The damaged muscle is removed by the surgeon who then overlaps the muscle edges and sews them back together to provide support to the muscles and tighten the sphincter. Surgery to close a fistula may be done by gynecology and colorectal surgeons jointly. Surgical options…
A fistulotomy is an effective surgical treatment for the removal of anal fistulas and haemorrhoidectomy is the preferred surgery to remove internal or external haemorrhoids that are extensive or severe. Surgical haemorrhoidectomy is the most effective treatment for haemorrhoids.
The most common of all inflammatory bowel diseases are Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory disease of the digestive tract and symptoms include abdominal pain and diarrhea, sometimes with blood, and weight loss. Ulcerative colitis occurs when the lining of your large intestine or colon, rectum, or both becomes…
A lung transplant is the last option for those having lung failure from a diseased lung. A new lung can not only save your life but also improve your quality of life after a transplant.
An organ transplant is a surgical procedure where a failed is replaced by a healthy organ through transplantation from either a deceased or a living donor. Manipal Hospitals specialize in heart transplant, lung transplant, kidney transplant, liver transplant, pancreas transplant, bone marrow transplant.
Transplantation medicine is one of the most challenging and complex areas of modern medicine. Some of the key areas for medical management are the problems of transplant rejection, during which the body has an immune response to the transplanted organ, possibly leading to transplant failure and the need to immediately remove the organ from the recipient. When possible, transplant rejection can be reduced through serotyping to determine the most appropriate donor-recipient match and through the use of immunosuppressant drugs.
Manipal Hospitals has a dedicated transplant team who work with patients and their family and discuss their requirements, needs, and lifestyle to determine the most appropriate course of treatment. Manipal Hospitals' organ transplant program is one of the largest of its kind in the country and caters to the following: 1. Heart Transplant 2. Liver Transplant 3. Kidney Transplant 4. Pancreas Transplant 5. Lung Transplant 6. Bone Marrow Transplant
There are 8 organs that can be donated: the liver, lungs, heart, kidneys, pancreas and small intestine. Your tissues can also improve the quality of life for many ill people; the tissues you can donate are your skin, corneas, bone tissue including tendons and cartilage, heart valves and blood vessels.
Liver, kidney, pancreas, heart, lung, intestine, cornea, middle ear, skin, bone, bone marrow, heart valves, and connective tissue are the organs and tissues that can be transplanted.
Following are the pros and cons of the organ transplant:
Provides consolation to the family
An organ donor can give someone a second chance
You can extend someone's life by becoming a living donor. Living donations can be done for some part of the liver, the kidneys, lung, pancreas and intestinal tissues.
It can extend the family’s grieving period.
Everyone is not eligible for donating an organ, there are many limitations associated with organ donation.
You have to make some lifestyle change after donating an organ.
Sometimes organs can be rejected by the body.
Liver transplant surgeries have excellent outcomes. People have been known to live a normal life for more than 30 years after the operation.
After a liver transplant surgery, the first three months are most crucial. Your body will take time to adjust to the new liver and new lifestyle. Most patients return to their daily routine within 3 to 6 months after a transplant.
It is important to take some precautions after a liver transplant surgery in order to have a successful long-term outcome.
After returning to a home you should get good ventilation.
Wear a mask for the first three months when you are going to crowded places.
Take a shower every day and use a separate towel.
You should take a protein-rich diet.
Avoid raw food and salads.
Avoid sweets and fruits as they can increase the blood sugar.
Do deep breathing exercises, it will help in expanding the lungs and coughing out sputum.
After liver transplantation surgery, the patient is kept in ICU for two days. After that, the patient is shifted to the general ward for eight to ten days. Then the doctor sends the patient to home, but it is recommended that the patient should take 3 months rest until they start feeling normal
Almost every medicine has side effects, the side-effects associated with post-transplant include elevated blood pressure, changes in mood, hair loss, bone and muscle weakness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, and headache.
A few diseases can reappear in the new liver such as hepatitis C. But if this is the case your transplant team will monitor you very closely to help you prevent a recurrence.
You should strictly avoid alcohol after a liver transplant because it is toxic and also interferes with the mobilization of certain medications.
The standard incision surgeons used for the liver transplant is called a “chevron incision”. It starts at the right side of the midsection just under the ribs and extends to the left edge of the abdomen. Another incision which is shorter in comparison to the previous one, it starts under the breastbone and extends to meet the horizontal incision.
Organ transplantation is the patient's choice, but a new organ is a gift of life that needs to be respected and cared with appreciation. Contact us to know more about organ transplants and book an appointment with us today.